The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases Book

The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases


  • Author : Kenneth H. Mayer
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-04-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 0080557147
  • Total Read : 65
  • File Size : 18,7 Mb

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The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases Summary:

Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases explores how human activities enable microbes to disseminate and evolve, thereby creating favorable conditions for the diverse manifestations of communicable diseases. Today, infectious and parasitic diseases cause about one-third of deaths and are the second leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The speed that changes in human behavior can produce epidemics is well illustrated by AIDS, but this is only one of numerous microbial threats whose severity and spread are determined by human behaviors. In this book, forty experts in the fields of infectious diseases, the life sciences and public health explore how demography, geography, migration, travel, environmental change, natural disaster, sexual behavior, drug use, food production and distribution, medical technology, training and preparedness, as well as governance, human conflict and social dislocation influence current and likely future epidemics. Provides essential understanding of current and future epidemics Presents a crossover perspective for disciplines in the medical and social sciences and public policy, including public health, infectious diseases, population science, epidemiology, microbiology, food safety, defense preparedness and humanitarian relief Creates a new perspective on ecology based on the interaction of microbes and human activities

The Connections Between Ecology and Infectious Disease Book

The Connections Between Ecology and Infectious Disease


  • Author : Christon J. Hurst
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-08-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 317
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319923734
  • Total Read : 84
  • File Size : 17,6 Mb

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The Connections Between Ecology and Infectious Disease Summary:

This book summarizes current advances in our understanding of how infectious disease represents an ecological interaction between a pathogenic microorganism and the host species in which that microbe causes illness. The contributing authors explain that pathogenic microorganisms often also have broader ecological connections, which can include a natural environmental presence; possible transmission by vehicles such as air, water, and food; and interactions with other host species, including vectors for which the microbe either may or may not be pathogenic. This field of science has been dubbed disease ecology, and the chapters that examine it have been grouped into three sections. The first section introduces both the role of biological community interactions and the impact of biodiversity on infectious disease. In turn, the second section considers those diseases directly affecting humans, with a focus on waterborne and foodborne illnesses, while also examining the critical aspect of microbial biofilms. Lastly, the third section presents the ecology of infectious diseases from the perspective of their impact on mammalian livestock and wildlife as well as on humans. Given its breadth of coverage, the volume offers a valuable resource for microbial ecologists and biomedical scientists alike.

The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases Book

The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases


  • Author : Kenneth H. Mayer
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 10 : 0123704669
  • Total Read : 78
  • File Size : 18,7 Mb

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The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases Summary:

Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases explores how human activities enable microbes to disseminate and evolve, thereby creating favorable conditions for the diverse manifestations of communicable diseases. Today, infectious and parasitic diseases cause about one-third of deaths and are the second leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The speed that changes in human behavior can produce epidemics is well illustrated by AIDS, but this is only one of numerous microbial threats whose severity and spread are determined by human behaviors. In this book, forty experts in the fields of infectious diseases, the life sciences and public health explore how demography, geography, migration, travel, environmental change, natural disaster, sexual behavior, drug use, food production and distribution, medical technology, training and preparedness, as well as governance, human conflict and social dislocation influence current and likely future epidemics. * Provides essential understanding of current and future epidemics * Presents a crossover perspective for disciplines in the medical and social sciences and public policy, including public health, infectious diseases, population science, epidemiology, microbiology, food safety, defense preparedness and humanitarian relief * Creates a new perspective on ecology based on the interaction of microbes and human activities

Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Book

Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases


  • Author : Benjamin Roche
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-05-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192507105
  • Total Read : 76
  • File Size : 14,9 Mb

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Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Summary:

In recent years, the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases has been studied extensively and new approaches to the study of host-pathogen interactions continue to emerge. At the same time, pathogen control in low-income countries has tended to remain largely informed by classical epidemiology, where the objective is to treat as many people as possible, despite recent research suggesting new opportunities for improved disease control in the context of limited economic resources. The need to integrate the scientific developments in the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases with public health strategy in low-income countries is now more important than ever. This novel text uniquely incorporates the latest research in ecology and evolutionary biology into the discussion of public health issues in low-income countries. It brings together an international team of experts from both universities and health NGOs to provide an up-to-date, authoritative, and challenging review of the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases, focusing on low-income countries for effective public health applications and outcomes. It discusses a range of public health threats including malaria, TB, HIV, measles, Ebola, tuberculosis, influenza and meningitis among others.

Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds Book

Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds


  • Author : Jennifer C. Owen
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191063305
  • Total Read : 62
  • File Size : 12,7 Mb

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Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds Summary:

Birds are the most diverse group of land vertebrates and have evolved to exploit almost every terrestrial niche on earth. They also serve as a natural reservoir for an array of different pathogens that pose serious health risks to human and domestic animal populations, including West Nile virus, highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses, Newcastle Disease virus, and numerous enteric pathogens. Avian diseases are also critically important to the conservation of endemic bird species in many places around the world. This accessible textbook focuses on the dynamics of infectious diseases for wild avian hosts across every level of ecological hierarchy, from the way pathogens interact with the physiology and behavior of individual hosts, the evolutionary and ecological dynamics of the host-parasite interactions occurring within populations, up to the complex biotic and abiotic interactions occurring within biological communities and ecosystems. Parasite-bird interactions are also increasingly occurring in rapidly changing global environments - thus, their ecology is also changing - and this shapes the complex ways by which parasites influence the inter-connected health of birds, humans, and shared ecosystems. Given the key role of birds in ecological communities more broadly, and as the primary host to so many zoonotic pathogens, an understanding of the ecological and evolutionary principles underlying the maintenance, amplification, transmission, and dispersal of these infectious agents is crucial to understanding how to mitigate the negative global impacts of the ever-increasing number of emerging infectious diseases. Although the topics and principles discussed in this book relate to birds, they have a far wider relevance and can also be applied to non-avian, wildlife host-pathogen systems. The COVID-19 pandemic has shown that understanding of disease ecology in wild animal populations is paramount to global health. Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds is suitable

Disease Ecology Book

Disease Ecology


  • Author : Sharon K. Collinge
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2006-01-26
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN 10 : 0198567081
  • Total Read : 63
  • File Size : 17,5 Mb

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Disease Ecology Summary:

Summary: The chapters in this book llustrate aspects of communityy ecology that influence pathogen transmission rates and disease dynamics in a wide variety of study systems.

Marine Disease Ecology Book

Marine Disease Ecology


  • Author : Donald C. Behringer
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-01-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192554833
  • Total Read : 66
  • File Size : 11,9 Mb

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Marine Disease Ecology Summary:

Whether through loss of habitat or cascading community effects, diseases can shape the very nature of the marine environment. Despite their significant impacts, studies of marine diseases have tended to lag behind their terrestrial equivalents, particularly with regards to their ecological effects. However, in recent decades global research focused on marine disease ecology has expanded at an accelerating rate. This is due in part to increases in disease emergence across many taxa, but can also be attributed to a broader realization that the parasites responsible for disease are themselves important members of marine communities. Understanding their ecological relationships with the environment and their hosts is critical to understanding, conserving, and managing natural and exploited populations, communities, and ecosystems. Courses on marine disease ecology are now starting to emerge and this first textbook in the field will be ideally placed to serve them. Marine Disease Ecology is suitable for graduate students and researchers in the fields of marine disease ecology, aquaculture, fisheries, veterinary science, evolution and conservation. It will also be of relevance and use to a broader interdisciplinary audience of government agencies, NGOs, and marine resource managers.

Infectious Diseases in Primates Book

Infectious Diseases in Primates


  • Author : Charles Nunn
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2006-04-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 397
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198565840
  • Total Read : 77
  • File Size : 16,5 Mb

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Infectious Diseases in Primates Summary:

This title includes the following features: The first book to synthesiseand integrate the previously disparate areas of primate socioecology, parasitefunctional categories, host defences, and theoretical models of disease spread.; Organizes hypotheses according to parasite traits such as transmission mode,host specificity and virulence.; Develops a new co-evolutionary framework forinvestigating parasites and primate social evolution at empirical andtheoretical scales.; Ideal graduate seminar course material.