The Properties of Water and Their Role in Colloidal and Biological Systems Book

The Properties of Water and Their Role in Colloidal and Biological Systems


  • Author : Carel J. Van Oss
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2008-11-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 239
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123743039
  • Total Read : 82
  • File Size : 5,6 Mb

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The Properties of Water and Their Role in Colloidal and Biological Systems Summary:

The book also treats the surface properties of apolar and polar molecules, polymers, particles and cells, as well as their mutual interaction energies, when immersed in water, under the influence of the three prevailing non-covalent forces, i.e., Lewis acid-base (AB), Lifshitz-van der Waals (LW) and electrical double layer (EL) interactions. The polar AB interactions, be they attractive or repulsive, typically represent up to 90% of the total interaction energies occurring in water. Thus the addition of AB energies to the LW + EL energies of the classical DLVO theory of energy vs. distance analysis makes this powerful tool (the Extended DLVO theory) applicable to the quantitative study of the stability of particle suspensions in water.-

Magnetic Nanoparticles in Human Health and Medicine Book

Magnetic Nanoparticles in Human Health and Medicine


  • Author : Costica Caizer
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-09-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119754749
  • Total Read : 95
  • File Size : 6,7 Mb

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Magnetic Nanoparticles in Human Health and Medicine Summary:

Magnetic Nanoparticles in Human Health and Medicine Explores the application of magnetic nanoparticles in drug delivery, magnetic resonance imaging, and alternative cancer therapy Magnetic Nanoparticles in Human Health and Medicine addresses recent progress in improving diagnosis by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and using non-invasive and non-toxic magnetic nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery and magnetic hyperthermia. Focusing on cancer diagnosis and alternative therapy, the book covers both fundamental principles and advanced theoretical and experimental research on the magnetic properties, biocompatibilization, biofunctionalization, and application of magnetic nanoparticles in nanobiotechnology and nanomedicine. Chapters written by a panel of international specialists in the field of magnetic nanoparticles and their applications in biomedicine cover magnetic hyperthermia (MHT), MRI contrast agents, biomedical imaging, modeling and simulation, nanobiotechnology, toxicity issues, and more. Readers are provided with accurate information on the use of magnetic nanoparticles in diagnosis, drug delivery, and alternative cancer therapeutics—featuring discussion of current problems, proposed solutions, and future research directions. Topics include current applications of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in nanomedicine and alternative cancer therapy: drug delivery, magnetic resonance imaging, superparamagnetic hyperthermia as alternative cancer therapy, magnetic hyperthermia in clinical trials, and simulating the physics of magnetic particle heating for cancer therapy. This comprehensive volume: Covers both general research on magnetic nanoparticles in medicine and specific applications in cancer therapeutics Discusses the use of magnetic nanoparticles in alternative cancer therapy by magnetic and superparamagnetic hyperthermia Explores targeted medication delivery using magnetic nanoparticles as a future replacement of conventional techniques Reviews the use

Theory of Electrophoresis and Diffusiophoresis of Highly Charged Colloidal Particles Book

Theory of Electrophoresis and Diffusiophoresis of Highly Charged Colloidal Particles


  • Author : Eric Lee
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-11-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128052655
  • Total Read : 71
  • File Size : 19,6 Mb

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Theory of Electrophoresis and Diffusiophoresis of Highly Charged Colloidal Particles Summary:

Theory of Electrophoresis and Diffusiophoresis of Highly Charged Colloidal Particles discusses the electrophoretic and diffusiophoretic motions of various colloidal entities, such as rigid particles, liquid droplets, gas bubbles, and porous particles, focusing on the motion-deterring double-layer polarization effect pertinent to highly charged particles, with the lowly charged ones serving as the limiting cases. Boundary effects such as those from a cylindrical pore, a solid plane, or an air-water interface are analyzed as well for the electrophoretic motion of the various particles considered. Dynamic electrophoresis is also explored and treated. The contents are suitable for researchers, graduate students, or senior college students with some basic background of colloid science and transport phenomena. As there is no closed-form analytical formula in general for the situation of highly charged particles, the results are presented with extensive figures and plots as well as tables under various electrokinetic situations of interest to facilitate the possible use of interested readers. Provides a reliable quantitative prediction of highly charged particles motion with easy-to-apply charts and in-depth understanding of the underlying mechanisms Offers an extensive treatment of direct quantitative predication for non-rigid systems, such as porous particles, liquid drops, and gels, which is especially valuable in proteins and DNA research Discusses highly charged systems with a nearby boundary of practical interests, such as a pore, a solid plane, or an air-water interface, which is of vital interest in fields such as microfluidic operations and biomedical engineering Affords special attention to the polarization effect

Self Assembly of Nanostructures and Patchy Nanoparticles Book

Self Assembly of Nanostructures and Patchy Nanoparticles


  • Author : Shafigh Mehraeen
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2020-11-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 102
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789239607
  • Total Read : 74
  • File Size : 6,9 Mb

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Self Assembly of Nanostructures and Patchy Nanoparticles Summary:

Top-down approaches are currently the main contributor of fabricating microelectronic devices. However, the prohibitive cost of numerous technological steps in these approaches is the main obstacle to further progress. Furthermore, a large number of applications necessitate fabrication of complex and ultra-small devices that cannot be made using these approaches. New approaches based on natural self-assembly of matter need to be developed to allow for fabrication of micro and nanoelectronic devices. Self-assembly of nanostructures is a dynamic field, which explores physics of these structures and new ways to fabricate them. However, the major problem is how to control the properties of the nanostructures resulting from low dimensionality. This book presents recent advances made to address this problem, and fabricate nanostructures using self-assembly.

Essentials in Modern HPLC Separations Book

Essentials in Modern HPLC Separations


  • Author : Serban C. Moldoveanu
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2012-11-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123850140
  • Total Read : 77
  • File Size : 13,5 Mb

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Essentials in Modern HPLC Separations Summary:

Essentials in Modern HPLC Separations discusses the role of separation in high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). This up-to-date reference systematically covers new developments in types and characteristics of stationary phases, mobile phases, and other factors of this technique that influence separation of compounds being analyzed. The volume also considers the selection process for stationary and mobile phases in relation to the molecules being separated and examined, as well as their matrices. The book includes a section on the contemporary applications of HPLC, particularly the analysis of pharmaceutical and biological samples, food and beverages, environmental samples, and more. Discusses key parameters in HPLC separation Describes interrelation between various HPLC features (solvent pressure, separation, detection) Includes a large number of references

Adsorption  Fundamental Processes and Applications Book

Adsorption Fundamental Processes and Applications


  • Author : Mehrorang Ghaedi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-03-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 728
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128188088
  • Total Read : 71
  • File Size : 11,6 Mb

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Adsorption Fundamental Processes and Applications Summary:

Adsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications, Volume 33 in the Interface Science and Technology Series, discusses the great technological importance of adsorption and describes how adsorbents are used on a large scale as desiccants, catalysts, catalyst supports, in the separation of gases, the purification of liquids, pollution control, and in respiratory protection. Finally, it explores how adsorption phenomena play a vital role in many solid-state reactions and biological mechanisms, as well as stressing the importance of the widespread use of adsorption techniques in the characterization of surface properties and the texture of fine powders. Covers the fundamental aspects of adsorption process engineering Reviews the environmental impact of key aquatic pollutants Discusses and analyzes the importance of adsorption processes for water treatment Highlights opportunity areas for adsorption process intensification Edited by a world-leading researcher in interface science

An Introduction to Green Nanotechnology Book

An Introduction to Green Nanotechnology


  • Author : Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-03-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128135877
  • Total Read : 85
  • File Size : 15,8 Mb

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An Introduction to Green Nanotechnology Summary:

An Introduction to Green Nanotechnology, Volume 28, provides students, scientists and chemical engineers with an overview of several types of nanostructures, discusses the synthesis and characterization of nanostructures, and provides applications of nanotechnology in daily life. The book offers a foundation to green nanotechnology by explaining why green nanotechnology is important. Covers biological sources in green nanotechnology, antioxidants, green nanostructures, mechanism, synthesis and characterization. The book ends with an evaluation of the risks of nanotechnology in human life and future perspectives. Introduces novel sources of plants having a high potential to be used as bio media to synthesize nanostructures Provides phytochemical properties and antioxidant potential, and their effects on stability, morphology and size of green nanostructures Includes a medicinal and technological comparison of green synthesized nanostructures to nano-products from non-green methods Uses accessible language, avoiding complex concepts of mathematics, biology and chemistry

Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation Book

Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation


  • Author : Changlun Chen
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-04-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 347
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081027769
  • Total Read : 70
  • File Size : 19,6 Mb

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Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation Summary:

Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation: Principles and Methodologies, Volume 29 provides an overview of the most important radionuclide sources in the environment, their interaction with environmental media, and appropriate remediation techniques. The book focuses on the assessment of radionuclide sorption behavior in contaminated sites and the synthesis of new materials for radionuclides remediation through sorption concepts. Chapters investigate the main interaction mechanisms between toxic/radioactive metal ions with natural and manmade materials, natural clay minerals and oxides, and novel nanomaterials, such as ordered mesoporous silicas, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and metal-organic framework-based materials. Techniques and models discussed include kinetics analysis, thermodynamic analysis, surface complexation models, spectroscopic techniques, and theoretical calculations. Provides a systemic discussion on the interactions between toxic and radioactive metal ions and natural and manmade materials Helps to select the best approach to remove toxic/radioactive metal ions from a surface Edited by a scientific authority in toxic/radioactive metal ion interactions