The Evolution of Hemispheric Specialization in Primates Book

The Evolution of Hemispheric Specialization in Primates

  • Author : William D. Hopkins
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-09-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 0080557805
  • Total Read : 93
  • File Size : 6,9 Mb

The Evolution of Hemispheric Specialization in Primates Summary:

Hemispheric specialization, and lateralized sensory, cognitive or motor function of the left and right halves of the brain, commonly manifests in humans as right-handedness and left hemisphere specialization of language functions. Historically, this has been considered a hallmark of, and unique to, human evolution. Some theories propose that human right-handedness evolved in the context of language and speech while others that it was a product of the increasing motor demands associated with feeding or tool-use. In the past 20-25 years, there has been a plethora of research in animals on the topic of whether population-level asymmetries in behavioral processes or neuro-anatomical structures exist in animals, notably primates and people have begun to question the historical assumptions that hemispheric specialization is unique to humans. This book brings together various summary chapters on the expression of behavioral and neuro-anatomical asymmetries in primates. Several chapters summarize entire families of primates while others focus on genetic and non-genetic models of handedness in humans and how they can be tested in non-human primates. In addition, it makes explicit links between various theoretical models of the development of handedness in humans with the observed patterns of results in non-human primates. A second emphasis is on comparative studies of handedness in primates. There is now enough data in the literature across different species to present an evolutionary tree for the emergence of handedness (and perhaps other aspects of hemispheric specialization, such as neuro-anatomical asymmetries) and its relation to specific morphological and ecological adaptations in various primate species. * The first treatment of this important topic since 1998 * Examines the tenet that lateralization and handedness is a uniquely human character through evidence from higer and lower primates and with reference to other vertebrates. * Advances our understanding of the o

Hemispheric Specialisation in Animals and Humans Book

Hemispheric Specialisation in Animals and Humans

  • Author : Joël Fagot
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 1997
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN 10 : 0863779646
  • Total Read : 75
  • File Size : 10,5 Mb

Hemispheric Specialisation in Animals and Humans Summary:

Functional cerebral specialization is a phenomenon of considerable relevance not only to those investigating normal brain function, but also to scientists who study and treat clinical populations. This special issue of "Laterality" brings together contributions from researchers studying human populations and those using animal models, and includes a discussion of the important issues in the field of lateralization of function. The papers address the origins of laterality and the nature of lateralized functions in various species, as well as relations among the different forms of lateralization. Included are such topics as lateralized memory processes, early experiential effects on laterality, the genetic basis of handedness, perceptual processing in the haptic or visual domain, and learning. Comparisons between human and non-human primate findings and the implications of these findings for our understanding of the phylogenetic basis of hemispheric specialization are also emphasized.; The papers are based on presentations at two symposia that took place in August 1996: "Issues in Laterality", held at the International Congress of Psychology in Montreal; and "Laterality and Hemispheric Specialization in Primates: Brain Behavior and Evolution", held at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, at the joint meetings of the "XVI Congress of the International Primatological Society" and the "XIX Conference of the American Society of Primatologists".

Primate Laterality Book

Primate Laterality

  • Author : Jeannette P. Ward
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461243700
  • Total Read : 87
  • File Size : 5,6 Mb

Primate Laterality Summary:

This book arrays recent research on the neural and behavioral lateralization of the brain relying heavily on animal modes. The authors employ the comparative method to enhance our understanding of behavior, specifically through hand use and "handedness" by drawing comparisons with studies involving primates. Topics discussed include Patterns of Lateralized Behavior in Prosimians; Behavioral Lateralization in Language-Trained Chimpanzees; Patterns of Handedness: Comparative Study of Nursery School Children and Captive Gorillas; and Rotational Behavior in Children and Adults. It is the first book of its kind devoted entirely to the question of behavioral asymmetries in all primates and thus presents a milestone as it recognizes the accumulating evidence of asymmetry and lateralized behavior in the non-human nervous system.

The Evolution of the Primate Hand Book

The Evolution of the Primate Hand

  • Author : Tracy L. Kivell
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-08-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 589
  • ISBN 10 : 9781493936465
  • Total Read : 76
  • File Size : 18,7 Mb

The Evolution of the Primate Hand Summary:

This book demonstrates how the primate hand combines both primitive and novel morphology, both general function with specialization, and both a remarkable degree of diversity within some clades and yet general similarity across many others. Across the chapters, different authors have addressed a variety of specific questions and provided their perspectives, but all explore the main themes described above to provide an overarching “primitive primate hand” thread to the book. Each chapter provides an in-depth review and critical account of the available literature, a balanced interpretation of the evidence from a variety of perspectives, and prospects for future research questions. In order to make this a useful resource for researchers at all levels, the basic structure of each chapter is the same, so that information can be easily consulted from chapter to chapter. An extensive reference list is provided at the end of each chapter so the reader has additional resources to address more specific questions or to find specific data.

The Mind of the Chimpanzee Book

The Mind of the Chimpanzee

  • Author : Elizabeth V. Lonsdorf
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2010-08-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9780226492810
  • Total Read : 67
  • File Size : 20,5 Mb

The Mind of the Chimpanzee Summary:

Understanding the chimpanzee mind is akin to opening a window onto human consciousness. Many of our complex cognitive processes have origins that can be seen in the way that chimpanzees think, learn, and behave. The Mind of the Chimpanzee brings together scores of prominent scientists from around the world to share the most recent research into what goes on inside the mind of our closest living relative. Intertwining a range of topics—including imitation, tool use, face recognition, culture, cooperation, and reconciliation—with critical commentaries on conservation and welfare, the collection aims to understand how chimpanzees learn, think, and feel, so that researchers can not only gain insight into the origins of human cognition, but also crystallize collective efforts to protect wild chimpanzee populations and ensure appropriate care in captive settings. With a breadth of material on cognition and culture from the lab and the field, The Mind of the Chimpanzee is a first-rate synthesis of contemporary studies of these fascinating mammals that will appeal to all those interested in animal minds and what we can learn from them.

Neurobiology of Social Communication In Primates Book

Neurobiology of Social Communication In Primates

  • Author : Horest Steklis
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-12-02
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323155205
  • Total Read : 64
  • File Size : 13,8 Mb

Neurobiology of Social Communication In Primates Summary:

Neurobiology of Social Communication in Primates: An Evolutionary Perspective presents evidence on the neural basis of communicative behavior in primates, reevaluating the relationship between human language and animal communication in view of the linguistic abilities of chimpanzees. This book consists of 10 chapters. Chapter 1 discusses some of the persistent problems in evolutionary neurobiology of primate communication. The effects of brain lesions and stimulation on vocalization in New and Old World monkeys, relation between species differences in peripheral vocal structures and species contrasts in vocal performance, and anatomy and physiology of the nonhuman primate auditory system are reviewed in Chapters 2 to 4. Chapters 5 to 7 examine the effects of electrical brain stimulation on human verbal communication and facial expression, clinical data pertaining to language pathologies, and neural mechanisms of manual and oral control. The last three chapters summarize the materials presented in earlier chapters. This publication is recommended for neuroscientists, behavioral biologists, neurologists, psychiatrists, and students interested in the evolutionary heritage of human speech and language.

Primate Neuroethology Book

Primate Neuroethology

  • Author : Asif A. Ghazanfar
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-08-16
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 706
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199929245
  • Total Read : 65
  • File Size : 20,5 Mb

Primate Neuroethology Summary:

This edited volume is the first of its kind to bridge the epistemological gap between primate ethologists and primate neurobiologists. Leading experts in several fields review work ranging from primate foraging behavior to the neurophysiology of motor control, from vocal communication to the functions of the auditory cortex.

The Evolution of Language Book
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The Evolution of Language

  • Author : Andrew D. M. Smith
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 553
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814295222
  • Total Read : 94
  • File Size : 12,6 Mb

The Evolution of Language Summary:

Balancing arbitrariness and systematicity in language evolution / Padraic Monaghan, Morten H. Christiansen, Stanka Fitneva -- Speaker-independent perception of human speech by zebra finches / Verena R. Ohms [und weitere] -- An avian model for language evolution / Irene Pepperberg -- Grooming gestures of chimpanzees in the wild : first insights into meaning and function / Simone Pika, Chris Knight -- The relevance ofthe developmental stress hypothesis to the evolution of language / Anne Pritchard -- Co-evolution of language and social network structure through cultural transmission / Justin Quillinan, Simon Kirby, Kenny Smith -- The origins of sociolinguistic marking and its role in language divergence : an experimental study / Gareth Roberts -- Considering language evolution from birdsong development / Kazutoshi Sasahara [und weitere] -- Semantic bootstrapping of grammar in embodied robots / Yo Sato, Joe Saunders -- Why do wild chimpanzees produce food-associated calls : a case of vocal grooming? / Anne Schel, Klaus Zuberbühler, Katie E. Slocombe -- The importance of exploring non-linguistic functions of human brain language areas for explaining language evolution / P. Thomas Schoenemann -- Language evolution : the view from adult second language learners / Marieke Schouwstra -- The evolution of communication and relevance / Thomas Scoff-Phillips -- Pragmatics not semantics as the basis for clause structure / Thomas Scoff-Phillips [und weitere]