The Critical Assessment of Research Book

The Critical Assessment of Research

  • Author : Alan Bailin
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-02-12
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN 10 : 9781780630274
  • Total Read : 74
  • File Size : 10,6 Mb

The Critical Assessment of Research Summary:

This book examines the following factors: sponsorship of research, control of the dissemination of research, effects of dominant research paradigms, financial interests of authors, publishers, and editors, role of new technologies (for example, Web 2.0). It is widely accepted among researchers and educators that the peer review process, the reputation of the publisher and examination of the author's credentials are the gold standards for assessing the quality of research and information. However, the traditional gold standards are not sufficient, and the effective evaluation of information requires the consideration of additional factors. Controversies about positive evaluations of new medications that appear in peer-reviewed journals, the financial reports on Enron prior to the revelations that led to its collapse, and obstacles to the publication of research that does not conform to dominant paradigms are just a few examples that indicate the need for a more sophisticated and nuanced approach to evaluating information. Each of the factors is discussed in a factual manner, supported by many examples that illustrate not only the nature of the issues but also their complexity. Practical suggestions for the evaluation of information are an integral part of the text. Highlights frequently overlooked criteria for evaluating research Challenges the assumption that the gold standards for evaluation are sufficient Examines the role of new technologies in evaluating and disseminating research

Learning to Read Critically in Teaching and Learning Book

Learning to Read Critically in Teaching and Learning

  • Author : Louise Poulson
  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN 10 : 0761947981
  • Total Read : 95
  • File Size : 14,5 Mb

Learning to Read Critically in Teaching and Learning Summary:

This book combines a teaching text with exemplary reports of research and a literature review by international scholars.

Forging a Discipline Book

Forging a Discipline

  • Author : Christopher Hood
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2014-02
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 303
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199682218
  • Total Read : 97
  • File Size : 5,7 Mb

Forging a Discipline Summary:

A broad-ranging analysis and critique of the distinctive contribution of the University of Oxford to the scholarly study of politics over the last 100 years.

Critical Evaluation of Research in Physical Rehabilitation Book

Critical Evaluation of Research in Physical Rehabilitation

  • Author : Antoine Helewa
  • Publisher : W B Saunders Company
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 271
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015047875961
  • Total Read : 97
  • File Size : 10,7 Mb

Critical Evaluation of Research in Physical Rehabilitation Summary:

This text on critical evaluation of research has been designed specifically by and for physical rehabilitation professionals. It presents the skills readers need to evaluate clinical literature and incorporate findings into professional practice.

Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials Book

Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

  • Author : Mark Elwood
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2007-02-22
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 584
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191004940
  • Total Read : 70
  • File Size : 8,6 Mb

Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials Summary:

This book presents a logical system of critical appraisal, to allow readers to evaluate studies and to carry out their own studies more effectively. This system emphasizes the central importance of cause and effect relationships. Its great strength is that it is applicable to a wide range of issues, and both to intervention trials and observational studies. This system unifies the often different approaches used in epidemiology, health services research, clinical trials, and evidence-based medicine, starting from a logical consideration of cause and effect. The author's approach to the issues of study design, selection of subjects, bias, confounding, and the place of statistical methods has been praised for its clarity and interest. Systematic reviews, meta-analysis, and the applications of this logic to evidence-based medicine, knowledge-based health care, and health practice and policy are discussed. Current and often controversial examples are used, including screening for prostate cancer, publication bias in psychiatry, public health issues in developing countries, and conflicts between observational studies and randomized trials. Statistical issues are explained clearly without complex mathematics, and the most useful methods are summarized in the appendix. The final chapters give six applications of the critical appraisal of major studies: randomized trials of medical treatment and prevention, a prospective and a retrospective cohort study, a small matched case-control study, and a large case-control study. In these chapters, sections of the original papers are reproduced and the original studies placed in context by a summary of current developments.

A Guide to Evidence Based Group Work Book

A Guide to Evidence Based Group Work

  • Author : Mark J. Macgowan
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2008-02-12
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190293086
  • Total Read : 76
  • File Size : 15,5 Mb

A Guide to Evidence Based Group Work Summary:

This is the first textbook that illustrates, step by step, how to practice evidence-based group work. As group workers are increasingly being held accountable to evaluate, monitor, and improve their practice, there are scant resources available that apply specifically to their practice. General books on evidence-based practice lack the rich material on group work organized for the first time in this one volume. Designed specifically as a supplement for undergraduate and graduate group work courses, the text is organized around the process and philosophy of evidence-based practice: formulating appropriate practice questions; searching for evidence; critically reviewing available evidence; applying the evidence with judgment, skill, and concern for the group members; and evaluating the outcomes achieved. The evidence-based group work framework teaches students how to skillfully apply best practices through practical learning activities, case examples, research designs, step-by-step guidelines and checklists, assessment tips, and detailed instructions for formulating questions and evaluating answers. It will be equally valuable as a handy reference for professionals eager to hone their practice skills.

Early Warning Indicators of Corporate Failure Book

Early Warning Indicators of Corporate Failure

  • Author : Richard Morris
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2018-12-17
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 425
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429857935
  • Total Read : 78
  • File Size : 9,6 Mb

Early Warning Indicators of Corporate Failure Summary:

Published in 1997, this text focuses on the conundrum between the academics ability to distinguish between failing and non-failing businesses with models of over 85.5per cent accuracy, and the reasons why credit agencies and the like do not act on such information. The author asks, are the models defective?

Finding What Works in Health Care Book

Finding What Works in Health Care

  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2011-07-20
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309164252
  • Total Read : 61
  • File Size : 20,7 Mb

Finding What Works in Health Care Summary:

Healthcare decision makers in search of reliable information that compares health interventions increasingly turn to systematic reviews for the best summary of the evidence. Systematic reviews identify, select, assess, and synthesize the findings of similar but separate studies, and can help clarify what is known and not known about the potential benefits and harms of drugs, devices, and other healthcare services. Systematic reviews can be helpful for clinicians who want to integrate research findings into their daily practices, for patients to make well-informed choices about their own care, for professional medical societies and other organizations that develop clinical practice guidelines. Too often systematic reviews are of uncertain or poor quality. There are no universally accepted standards for developing systematic reviews leading to variability in how conflicts of interest and biases are handled, how evidence is appraised, and the overall scientific rigor of the process. In Finding What Works in Health Care the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommends 21 standards for developing high-quality systematic reviews of comparative effectiveness research. The standards address the entire systematic review process from the initial steps of formulating the topic and building the review team to producing a detailed final report that synthesizes what the evidence shows and where knowledge gaps remain. Finding What Works in Health Care also proposes a framework for improving the quality of the science underpinning systematic reviews. This book will serve as a vital resource for both sponsors and producers of systematic reviews of comparative effectiveness research.