TENR   Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation Book

TENR Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation


  • Author : Anselmo Salles Paschoa
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2009-12-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN 10 : 0080914187
  • Total Read : 87
  • File Size : 11,8 Mb

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TENR Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation Summary:

This book on TENR discusses the basic Physics and Chemistry principles of natural radiation. The current knowledge of the biological effects of natural radiation is summarized. A wide variety of topics, from cosmic radiation to atmospheric, terrestrial and aquatic radiation is addressed, including radon, thoron, and depleted uranium. Issues like terrorism and geochronology using natural radiation are also examined. Comprehensive global TENR data assembly Critical assessment of the significant radiological impact of TENR on man and the environment as compared to radiological impact from man-made sources in nuclear technology and nuclear medicine Illustration of the importance of TENR for the future conceptual development of radiation protection

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials Book

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1999-02-25
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309062978
  • Total Read : 59
  • File Size : 15,7 Mb

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Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials Summary:

Naturally occurring radionuclides are found throughout the earth's crust, and they form part of the natural background of radiation to which all humans are exposed. Many human activities-such as mining and milling of ores, extraction of petroleum products, use of groundwater for domestic purposes, and living in houses-alter the natural background of radiation either by moving naturally occurring radionuclides from inaccessible locations to locations where humans are present or by concentrating the radionuclides in the exposure environment. Such alterations of the natural environment can increase, sometimes substantially, radiation exposures of the public. Exposures of the public to naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) that result from human activities that alter the natural environment can be subjected to regulatory control, at least to some degree. The regulation of public exposures to such technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive materials (TENORM) by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other regulatory and advisory organizations is the subject of this study by the National Research Council's Committee on the Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposures to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials.

Nuclear Radioactive Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry Book

Nuclear Radioactive Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry


  • Author : Khalid Al Nabhani
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-08-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128168264
  • Total Read : 90
  • File Size : 15,9 Mb

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Nuclear Radioactive Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry Summary:

Nuclear Radioactive Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry comprehensively discusses the TENORMs generated from various types of oil and gas processes and their associated adverse human health effects, effective TENORM waste management strategies, and the quantitative risk analysis. The book thoroughly investigates current knowledge, addressing the three main gaps identified in available studies: 1) Exposure to radioactivity, 2) High volume waste as a source of radiation exposure, and 3) A lack of uniform, international safety regulations. This book offers researchers, scientists and graduate and undergraduate students a comprehensive and well-researched reference that covers fundamental concepts, problem identification and solutions development. It is an ideal, comprehensive guideline for professionals involved in the oil and gas and nuclear industries who are concerned about radiological issues. Demystifies NORM and TENORM concepts and redefines TENORM from technical and nuclear scientific perspectives Addresses statistically representative data of quantitative risk assessment and dynamic accident modeling Stresses the need for legislation and consistency of safety standards relating to radiological risks posed by TENORM on health and the environment

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation Book

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation


  • Author : Michael I Ojovan
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-12-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080993935
  • Total Read : 64
  • File Size : 9,7 Mb

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An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation Summary:

Drawing on the authors’ extensive experience in the processing and disposal of waste, An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation, Second Edition examines the gamut of nuclear waste issues from the natural level of radionuclides in the environment to geological disposal of waste-forms and their long-term behavior. It covers all-important aspects of processing and immobilization, including nuclear decay, regulations, new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used, especially cement and glass, with further discussion of other matrices such as bitumen. The final chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of immobilizing materials and safety of disposal, providing a full range of the resources needed to understand and correctly immobilize nuclear waste. The fully revised second edition focuses on core technologies and has an integrated approach to immobilization and hazards Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilization: cement, bitumen, glass and new materials Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste - such as treatment schemes and technologies and disposal - at the forefront

Environmental Pollutant Exposures and Public Health Book

Environmental Pollutant Exposures and Public Health


  • Author : R M Harrison
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2020-10-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9781839160448
  • Total Read : 89
  • File Size : 13,8 Mb

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Environmental Pollutant Exposures and Public Health Summary:

Both genes and environment have profound effects upon our health. While some environmental factors such as polluted air are high in the public consciousness, there are many other pathways for people’s exposure to toxic chemicals, such as through food, water and contaminated land. It is not only chemicals that can affect health; environmental radioactivity, pathogenic organisms and our changing climate also have implications for public health, and all contribute to the global burden of disease, leading to both disability and deaths of millions of people annually across the world. An understanding of the pathways of environmental exposure, and its effects upon health is key to developing regulations and behaviours that reduce or prevent exposure, and the consequent impacts upon health. Covering topics from dietary exposure to chemicals through to the health effects of climate change, this book brings together contributors from around the world to highlight the latest science on the impacts of environmental pollutant exposure upon public health.