Random Walks in Biology Book
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Random Walks in Biology

  • Author : Howard C. Berg
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • File Size : 10,6 Mb
  • Release Date : 2018-11-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN 10 : 9781400820023


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This book is a lucid, straightforward introduction to the concepts and techniques of statistical physics that students of biology, biochemistry, and biophysics must know. It provides a sound basis for understanding random motions of molecules, subcellular particles, or cells, or of processes that depend on such motion or are markedly affected by it. Readers do not need to understand thermodynamics in order to acquire a knowledge of the physics involved in diffusion, sedimentation, electrophoresis, chromatography, and cell motility--subjects that become lively and immediate when the author discusses them in terms of random walks of individual particles.

E  coli in Motion Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

E coli in Motion

  • Author : Howard C. Berg
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • File Size : 17,8 Mb
  • Release Date : 2008-01-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 134
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387216386


Download E coli in Motion Book in PDF and ePub

Escherichia coli, commonly referred to as E. coli, has been the organism of choice for molecular genetics for decades. Its machinery and mobile behavior is one of the most fascinating topics for cell scientists. Scientists and engineers, not trained in microbiology, and who would like to learn more about living machines, can see it as a unique example. This cross-disciplinary monograph covers more than thirty years of research and is accessible to graduate students and scientists alike.

First Steps in Random Walks Book

First Steps in Random Walks

  • Author : J. Klafter
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • File Size : 12,8 Mb
  • Release Date : 2011-08-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191552953


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The name "random walk" for a problem of a displacement of a point in a sequence of independent random steps was coined by Karl Pearson in 1905 in a question posed to readers of "Nature". The same year, a similar problem was formulated by Albert Einstein in one of his Annus Mirabilis works. Even earlier such a problem was posed by Louis Bachelier in his thesis devoted to the theory of financial speculations in 1900. Nowadays the theory of random walks has proved useful in physics and chemistry (diffusion, reactions, mixing flows), economics, biology (from animal spread to motion of subcellular structures) and in many other disciplines. The random walk approach serves not only as a model of simple diffusion but of many complex sub- and super-diffusive transport processes as well. This book discusses the main variants of random walks and gives the most important mathematical tools for their theoretical description.

More Random Walks in Science Book

More Random Walks in Science

  • Author : R.L. Weber
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • File Size : 15,9 Mb
  • Release Date : 2017-11-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351430135


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More Random Walks in Science is an anthology of fascinating and frequently amusing anecdotes, quotations, illustrations, articles, and reviews that reflect the more lighthearted aspects of the scientific world and the less serious excursions of the scientific mind. The book is guaranteed to delight anyone who has a professional or amateur interest in science.

Physical Biology of the Cell Book

Physical Biology of the Cell

  • Author : Rob Phillips
  • Publisher : Garland Science
  • File Size : 10,7 Mb
  • Release Date : 2012-10-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1089
  • ISBN 10 : 9781134111589


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Physical Biology of the Cell is a textbook for a first course in physical biology or biophysics for undergraduate or graduate students. It maps the huge and complex landscape of cell and molecular biology from the distinct perspective of physical biology. As a key organizing principle, the proximity of topics is based on the physical concepts that

Chance in Biology Book

Chance in Biology

  • Author : Mark Denny
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • File Size : 17,7 Mb
  • Release Date : 2011-10-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9781400841400


Download Chance in Biology Book in PDF and ePub

Life is a chancy proposition: from the movement of molecules to the age at which we die, chance plays a key role in the natural world. Traditionally, biologists have viewed the inevitable "noise" of life as an unfortunate complication. The authors of this book, however, treat random processes as a benefit. In this introduction to chance in biology, Mark Denny and Steven Gaines help readers to apply the probability theory needed to make sense of chance events--using examples from ocean waves to spiderwebs, in fields ranging from molecular mechanics to evolution. Through the application of probability theory, Denny and Gaines make predictions about how plants and animals work in a stochastic universe. Is it possible to pack a variety of ion channels into a cell membrane and have each operate at near-peak flow? Why are our arteries rubbery? The concept of a random walk provides the necessary insight. Is there an absolute upper limit to human life span? Could the sound of a cocktail party burst your eardrums? The statistics of extremes allows us to make the appropriate calculations. How long must you wait to see the detail in a moonlit landscape? Can you hear the noise of individual molecules? The authors provide answers to these and many other questions. After an introduction to the basic statistical methods to be used in this book, the authors emphasize the application of probability theory to biology rather than the details of the theory itself. Readers with an introductory background in calculus will be able to follow the reasoning, and sets of problems, together with their solutions, are offered to reinforce concepts. The use of real-world examples, numerous illustrations, and chapter summaries--all presented with clarity and wit--make for a highly accessible text. By relating the theory of probability to the understanding of form and function in living things, the authors seek to pique the reader's curiosity about statistics and provide a new perspective on the ro

Stochastic Processes in Cell Biology Book

Stochastic Processes in Cell Biology

  • Author : Paul C. Bressloff
  • Publisher : Springer
  • File Size : 15,5 Mb
  • Release Date : 2014-08-22
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 679
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319084886


Download Stochastic Processes in Cell Biology Book in PDF and ePub

This book develops the theory of continuous and discrete stochastic processes within the context of cell biology. A wide range of biological topics are covered including normal and anomalous diffusion in complex cellular environments, stochastic ion channels and excitable systems, stochastic calcium signaling, molecular motors, intracellular transport, signal transduction, bacterial chemotaxis, robustness in gene networks, genetic switches and oscillators, cell polarization, polymerization, cellular length control, and branching processes. The book also provides a pedagogical introduction to the theory of stochastic process – Fokker Planck equations, stochastic differential equations, master equations and jump Markov processes, diffusion approximations and the system size expansion, first passage time problems, stochastic hybrid systems, reaction-diffusion equations, exclusion processes, WKB methods, martingales and branching processes, stochastic calculus, and numerical methods. This text is primarily aimed at graduate students and researchers working in mathematical biology and applied mathematicians interested in stochastic modeling. Applied probabilists and theoretical physicists should also find it of interest. It assumes no prior background in statistical physics and introduces concepts in stochastic processes via motivating biological applications. The book is highly illustrated and contains a large number of examples and exercises that further develop the models and ideas in the body of the text. It is based on a course that the author has taught at the University of Utah for many years.

The Physics of Foraging Book

The Physics of Foraging

  • Author : Gandhimohan. M. Viswanathan
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • File Size : 18,6 Mb
  • Release Date : 2011-06-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781139497558


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Do the movements of animals, including humans, follow patterns that can be described quantitatively by simple laws of motion? If so, then why? These questions have attracted the attention of scientists in many disciplines, and stimulated debates ranging from ecological matters to queries such as 'how can there be free will if one follows a law of motion?' This is the first book on this rapidly evolving subject, introducing random searches and foraging in a way that can be understood by readers without a previous background on the subject. It reviews theory as well as experiment, addresses open problems and perspectives, and discusses applications ranging from the colonization of Madagascar by Austronesians to the diffusion of genetically modified crops. The book will interest physicists working in the field of anomalous diffusion and movement ecology as well as ecologists already familiar with the concepts and methods of statistical physics.

Classical and Spatial Stochastic Processes Book

Classical and Spatial Stochastic Processes

  • Author : Rinaldo B. Schinazi
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • File Size : 13,8 Mb
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 179
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461215820


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This book is intended as a text for a first course in stochastic processes at the upper undergraduate or graduate levels, assuming only that the reader has had a serious calculus course-advanced calculus would even be better-as well as a first course in probability (without measure theory). In guiding the student from the simplest classical models to some of the spatial models, currently the object of considerable research, the text is aimed at a broad audience of students in biology, engineering, mathematics, and physics. The first two chapters deal with discrete Markov chains-recurrence and tran sience, random walks, birth and death chains, ruin problem and branching pro cesses-and their stationary distributions. These classical topics are treated with a modem twist: in particular, the coupling technique is introduced in the first chap ter and is used throughout. The third chapter deals with continuous time Markov chains-Poisson process, queues, birth and death chains, stationary distributions. The second half of the book treats spatial processes. This is the main difference between this work and the many others on stochastic processes. Spatial stochas tic processes are (rightly) known as being difficult to analyze. The few existing books on the subject are technically challenging and intended for a mathemat ically sophisticated reader. We picked several interesting models-percolation, cellular automata, branching random walks, contact process on a tree-and con centrated on those properties that can be analyzed using elementary methods.

Fractional Dynamics Book

Fractional Dynamics

  • Author : Joseph Klafter
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • File Size : 20,7 Mb
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 530
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814340595


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This volume provides the latest developments in the field of fractional dynamics, which covers fractional (anomalous) transport phenomena, fractional statistical mechanics, fractional quantum mechanics and fractional quantum field theory. The contributors are selected based on their active and important contributions to their respective topics. This volume is the first of its kind that covers such a comprehensive range of topics in fractional dynamics. It will point out to advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and young researchers the possible directions of research in this subject. In addition to those who intend to work in this field and those already in the field, this volume will also be useful for researchers not directly involved in the field, but want to know the current status and trends of development in this subject. This latter group includes theoretical chemists, mathematical biologists and engineers.

A Non Random Walk Down Wall Street Book

A Non Random Walk Down Wall Street

  • Author : Andrew W. Lo
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • File Size : 14,7 Mb
  • Release Date : 2011-11-14
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9781400829095


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For over half a century, financial experts have regarded the movements of markets as a random walk--unpredictable meanderings akin to a drunkard's unsteady gait--and this hypothesis has become a cornerstone of modern financial economics and many investment strategies. Here Andrew W. Lo and A. Craig MacKinlay put the Random Walk Hypothesis to the test. In this volume, which elegantly integrates their most important articles, Lo and MacKinlay find that markets are not completely random after all, and that predictable components do exist in recent stock and bond returns. Their book provides a state-of-the-art account of the techniques for detecting predictabilities and evaluating their statistical and economic significance, and offers a tantalizing glimpse into the financial technologies of the future. The articles track the exciting course of Lo and MacKinlay's research on the predictability of stock prices from their early work on rejecting random walks in short-horizon returns to their analysis of long-term memory in stock market prices. A particular highlight is their now-famous inquiry into the pitfalls of "data-snooping biases" that have arisen from the widespread use of the same historical databases for discovering anomalies and developing seemingly profitable investment strategies. This book invites scholars to reconsider the Random Walk Hypothesis, and, by carefully documenting the presence of predictable components in the stock market, also directs investment professionals toward superior long-term investment returns through disciplined active investment management.

The Self Avoiding Walk Book

The Self Avoiding Walk

  • Author : Neal Madras
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • File Size : 17,8 Mb
  • Release Date : 2013-11-27
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 427
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461241324


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A self-avoiding walk is a path on a lattice that does not visit the same site more than once. In spite of this simple definition, many of the most basic questions about this model are difficult to resolve in a mathematically rigorous fashion. In particular, we do not know much about how far an n step self-avoiding walk typically travels from its starting point, or even how many such walks there are. These and other important questions about the self-avoiding walk remain unsolved in the rigorous mathematical sense, although the physics and chemistry communities have reached consensus on the answers by a variety of nonrigorous methods, including computer simulations. But there has been progress among mathematicians as well, much of it in the last decade, and the primary goal of this book is to give an account of the current state of the art as far as rigorous results are concerned. A second goal of this book is to discuss some of the applications of the self-avoiding walk in physics and chemistry, and to describe some of the nonrigorous methods used in those fields. The model originated in chem istry several decades ago as a model for long-chain polymer molecules. Since then it has become an important model in statistical physics, as it exhibits critical behaviour analogous to that occurring in the Ising model and related systems such as percolation.

Random Walks and Diffusion Book

Random Walks and Diffusion

  • Author : Open University Course Team
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • File Size : 10,7 Mb
  • Release Date : 2009-10-21
  • Genre: Diffusion
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 0749251689


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This block explores the diffusion equation which is most commonly encountered in discussions of the flow of heat and of molecules moving in liquids, but diffusion equations arise from many different areas of applied mathematics. As well as considering the solutions of diffusion equations in detail, we also discuss the microscopic mechanism underlying the diffusion equation, namely that particles of matter or heat move erratically. This involves a discussion of elementary probability and statistics, which are used to develop a description of random walk processes and of the central limit theorem. These concepts are used to show that if particles follow random walk trajectories, their density obeys the diffusion equation.

Living at Micro Scale Book

Living at Micro Scale

  • Author : David B. Dusenbery
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • File Size : 14,6 Mb
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN 10 : 0674031164


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Kermit the Frog famously said that it isn’t easy being green, and in Living at Micro Scale David Dusenbery shows that it isn’t easy being small—existing at the size of, say, a rotifer, a tiny multicellular animal just at the boundary between the visible and the microscopic. “Imagine,” he writes, “stepping off a curb and waiting a week for your foot to hit the ground.” At that scale, we would be small enough to swim inside the letter O in the word “rotifer.” What are the physical consequences of life at this scale? How do such organisms move, identify prey and predators and (if they’re so inclined) mates, signal to one another, and orient themselves? In clear and engaging prose, Dusenbery uses straightforward physics to demonstrate the constraints on the size, shape, and behavior of tiny organisms. While recounting the historical development of the basic concepts, he unearths a corner of microbiology rich in history, and full of lessons about how science does or does not progress. Marshalling findings from different fields to show why tiny organisms have some of the properties they are found to have, Dusenbery shows a science that doesn’t always move triumphantly forward, and is dependent to a great extent on accident and contingency.

From Random Walks to Random Matrices Book

From Random Walks to Random Matrices

  • Author : Jean Zinn-Justin
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • File Size : 15,6 Mb
  • Release Date : 2019-06-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191091681


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Theoretical physics is a cornerstone of modern physics and provides a foundation for all modern quantitative science. It aims to describe all natural phenomena using mathematical theories and models, and in consequence develops our understanding of the fundamental nature of the universe. This books offers an overview of major areas covering the recent developments in modern theoretical physics. Each chapter introduces a new key topic and develops the discussion in a self-contained manner. At the same time the selected topics have common themes running throughout the book, which connect the independent discussions. The main themes are renormalization group, fixed points, universality, and continuum limit, which open and conclude the work. The development of modern theoretical physics has required important concepts and novel mathematical tools, examples discussed in the book include path and field integrals, the notion of effective quantum or statistical field theories, gauge theories, and the mathematical structure at the basis of the interactions in fundamental particle physics, including quantization problems and anomalies, stochastic dynamical equations, and summation of perturbative series.