Quality Management in Forensic Science Book

Quality Management in Forensic Science


  • Author : Sean Doyle
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-11-20
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128094242
  • Total Read : 85
  • File Size : 18,6 Mb

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Quality Management in Forensic Science Summary:

Forensic science has been under scrutiny for some time, since the release of the NAS report in 2009. The report cited the need for standardized practices and the accreditation of crime labs. No longer can the forensic community take the position that cross-examination in a courtroom will expose weaknesses in methodology and execution. Quality Management in Forensic Science covers a wide spectrum of forensic disciplines, relevant ISO and non-ISO standards, accreditation and quality management systems necessary in any forensic science laboratory. Written by a globally well-respected forensic scientist with decades of experience in the forensic science laboratory and on the stand, as an expert witness who is also a Fellow of both the Royal Society of Chemistry and the Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences. This book will be a must-have resource for all forensic science stakeholders, particularly law enforcement agents and lawyers less familiar with the impact of quality management on the reliability of scientific evidence. A comprehensive, multidisciplinary reference of scientific practices for use in the forensic laboratory Coverage from DNA to toxicology, from trace evidence to crime scene and beyond Extensive review of ISO and non-ISO standards, accreditation, QMS and much more Written by a foremost forensic scientist with decades of experience in the laboratory and as an expert witness

Forensic Laboratory Management Book

Forensic Laboratory Management


  • Author : W. Mark Dale
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-09-26
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 363
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466556720
  • Total Read : 85
  • File Size : 18,9 Mb

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Forensic Laboratory Management Summary:

New technologies, including DNA and digital databases that can compare known and questioned exemplars, have transformed forensic science and greatly impacted the investigative process. They have also made the work more complicated. Obtaining proper resources to provide quality and timely forensic services is frequently a challenge for forensic managers, who are often promoted from casework duties and must now learn a whole new set of leadership skills. The interdisciplinary and scientific nature of laboratories requires strong leadership ability to manage complex issues, often in adversarial settings. Forensic Laboratory Management: Applying Business Principles provides laboratory managers with business tools that apply the best science to the best evidence in a manner that increases the efficiency and effectiveness of their management decision making. The authors present a performance model with seven recommendations to implement, illustrating how forensic managers can serve as leaders and strategically improve the operation and management in scientific laboratories. Topics include: Key business metrics and cost–benefit analyses Ethical lapses: why they occur, possible motives, and how problems can be prevented Forensic training, education, and institutes ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation implementation The book includes case studies simulating a working laboratory in which readers can apply business tools with actual data reinforcing discussion concepts. Each chapter also includes a brief review of current literature of the best management theories and practice. The downloadable resources supply two mock trial transcripts and associated case files along with PowerPoint® slides from Dr. George Carmody’s workshop on Forensic DNA Statistics and Dr. Doug Lucas’s presentation on ethics.

The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence Book

The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1996-12-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 0309053951
  • Total Read : 74
  • File Size : 15,5 Mb

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The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence Summary:

In 1992 the National Research Council issued DNA Technology in Forensic Science, a book that documented the state of the art in this emerging field. Recently, this volume was brought to worldwide attention in the murder trial of celebrity O. J. Simpson. The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence reports on developments in population genetics and statistics since the original volume was published. The committee comments on statements in the original book that proved controversial or that have been misapplied in the courts. This volume offers recommendations for handling DNA samples, performing calculations, and other aspects of using DNA as a forensic toolâ€"modifying some recommendations presented in the 1992 volume. The update addresses two major areas: Determination of DNA profiles. The committee considers how laboratory errors (particularly false matches) can arise, how errors might be reduced, and how to take into account the fact that the error rate can never be reduced to zero. Interpretation of a finding that the DNA profile of a suspect or victim matches the evidence DNA. The committee addresses controversies in population genetics, exploring the problems that arise from the mixture of groups and subgroups in the American population and how this substructure can be accounted for in calculating frequencies. This volume examines statistical issues in interpreting frequencies as probabilities, including adjustments when a suspect is found through a database search. The committee includes a detailed discussion of what its recommendations would mean in the courtroom, with numerous case citations. By resolving several remaining issues in the evaluation of this increasingly important area of forensic evidence, this technical update will be important to forensic scientists and population geneticistsâ€"and helpful to attorneys, judges, and others who need to understand DNA and the law. Anyone working in laboratories and in the courts or anyone studying this issue

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States Book

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2009-07-29
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309142397
  • Total Read : 81
  • File Size : 13,8 Mb

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Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States Summary:

Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

DNA Technology in Forensic Science Book

DNA Technology in Forensic Science


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1992-02-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 199
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309045872
  • Total Read : 69
  • File Size : 18,9 Mb

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DNA Technology in Forensic Science Summary:

Matching DNA samples from crime scenes and suspects is rapidly becoming a key source of evidence for use in our justice system. DNA Technology in Forensic Science offers recommendations for resolving crucial questions that are emerging as DNA typing becomes more widespread. The volume addresses key issues: Quality and reliability in DNA typing, including the introduction of new technologies, problems of standardization, and approaches to certification. DNA typing in the courtroom, including issues of population genetics, levels of understanding among judges and juries, and admissibility. Societal issues, such as privacy of DNA data, storage of samples and data, and the rights of defendants to quality testing technology. Combining this original volume with the new update-The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence-provides the complete, up-to-date picture of this highly important and visible topic. This volume offers important guidance to anyone working with this emerging law enforcement tool: policymakers, specialists in criminal law, forensic scientists, geneticists, researchers, faculty, and students.

HR Management in the Forensic Science Laboratory Book

HR Management in the Forensic Science Laboratory


  • Author : John M. Collins
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-02-06
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 530
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128013625
  • Total Read : 75
  • File Size : 20,7 Mb

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HR Management in the Forensic Science Laboratory Summary:

HR Management in the Forensic Science Laboratory: A 21st Century Approach to Effective Crime Lab Leadership introduces the profession of forensic science to human resource management, and vice versa. The book includes principles of HR management that apply most readily, and most critically, to the practice of forensic science, such as laboratory operations, staffing and assignments, laboratory relations and high impact leadership. A companion website hosts workshop PowerPoint slides, a forensic HR newsletter and other important HR strategies to assist the reader. Provides principles of HR management that readily apply to the practice of forensic science Covers and emphasizes the knowledge necessary to make HR management in the forensic science laboratory effective, such as technical standards and practices, laboratory structures and work units, and quality system management Includes an online website that hosts workshop PowerPoint slides, a forensic HR newsletter and other important HR strategies

Forensic Science Under Siege Book

Forensic Science Under Siege


  • Author : Kelly Pyrek
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-07-27
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN 10 : 0080471072
  • Total Read : 88
  • File Size : 10,6 Mb

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Forensic Science Under Siege Summary:

Forensic science laboratories' reputations have increasingly come under fire. Incidents of tainted evidence, false reports, allegations of negligence, scientifically flawed testimony, or - worse yet - perjury in in-court testimony, have all served to cast a shadow over the forensic sciences. Instances of each are just a few of the quality-related charges made in the last few years. Forensic Science Under Siege is the first book to integrate and explain these problematic trends in forensic science. The issues are timely, and are approached from an investigatory, yet scholarly and research-driven, perspective. Leading experts are consulted and interviewed, including directors of highly visible forensic laboratories, as well as medical examiners and coroners who are commandeering the discussions related to these issues. Interviewees include Henry Lee, Richard Saferstein, Cyril Wecht, and many others. The ultimate consequences of all these pressures, as well as the future of forensic science, has yet to be determined. This book examines these challenges, while also exploring possible solutions (such as the formation of a forensic science consortium to address specific legislative issues). It is a must-read for all forensic scientists. Provides insight on the current state of forensic science, demands, and future direction as provided by leading experts in the field Consolidates the current state of standards and best-practices of labs across disciplines Discusses a controversial topic that must be addressed for political support and financial funding of forensic science to improve

Implementing Quality in Laboratory Policies and Processes Book

Implementing Quality in Laboratory Policies and Processes


  • Author : Donnell R. Christian, Jr.
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2009-11-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1432
  • ISBN 10 : 1420073052
  • Total Read : 61
  • File Size : 14,6 Mb

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Implementing Quality in Laboratory Policies and Processes Summary:

In order to gain accreditation, every laboratory must have a superior quality assurance program. The keys to a successful program are the operational and technical manuals and associated documents which define the program and its various components. Written by experts with global experience in setting up laboratories, Implementing Quality in Laboratory Policies and Processes: Using Templates, Project Management, and Six Sigma provides templates for the various policies, procedures, and forms that should be contained in the quality assurance, operational, and technical manuals of a laboratory seeking accreditation. Templates for the entire project life cycle The book begins with a general introduction and overview of quality assurance and then moves on to cover implementation strategies. It contains best practices and templates for the project management of the design and implementation of the laboratory operational and technical manuals required to establish a quality assurance program. The templates span the entire project life cycle, from initiation, to planning, to execution, to monitoring, and finally, to closure. The book also examines how Six Sigma concepts can be used to optimize laboratories, and contains templates that cover administrative issues, quality assurance, sample control, and health and safety issues. In addition, there is a section of criteria files that relate the individual document templates to specific accreditation criterion. Addresses the standards of ISO 17025 The results of any laboratory examination have the potential to be presented in court and can ultimately affect the life and liberty of the parties involved. Therefore, a stringent quality assurance program, including well-documented policies and a procedure manual, is essential. Ensuring that laboratories meet the standards of ISO 17025, this volume is a critical component of any laboratory’s accreditation process.