Physical and Biological Bases of Life Stability Book

Physical and Biological Bases of Life Stability


  • Author : Victor G. Gorshkov
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642850011
  • Total Read : 93
  • File Size : 5,6 Mb

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Physical and Biological Bases of Life Stability Summary:

It is well known that the biochemical processes of life on Earth are maintained by the external solar radiation and can be reduced to the synthesis and decomposition of organic matter. Man has added the synthesis and decomposition of various in dustrial products to these natural processes. On one hand, biological synthesis may only be conducted within the rather narrow margins of parameters of the environ ment, including temperature, humidity, concentrations of the inorganic substances used by life (such as carbon dioxide, oxygen, etc.) On the other hand, the physical and chemical composition of the environment suffers significant changes during those processes of synthesis and decomposition. The maximum possible rate of such change due to the activity of living beings can exceed the average geophysical rates of change of the environment due to activity ofterrestrial depths and cosmic processes by a factor often thousand. In the absence of a rigid correlation between the biological synthesis and decomposition, the environment would be greatly disturbed within a decade and driven into a state unfit for life. A lifeless Earth, however would suffer similar changes only after about a hundred thousand years. Preservation of the existing state of the environment is only possible with strict equality between the rates of biological synthesis and decomposition, that is, when the biochemical cycles of matter are virtually closed.

Global Stability through Decentralization  Book

Global Stability through Decentralization


  • Author : Peter A. Wilderer
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-12-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319243580
  • Total Read : 97
  • File Size : 16,9 Mb

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Global Stability through Decentralization Summary:

The authors of this book, who represent a broad range of scientific disciplines, discuss the issue of centralized versus decentralized control and regulation in the context of sustainable development. The stability and resilience of complex technical, economic, societal and political systems are commonly assumed to be highly dependent on the effectiveness of sophisticated, mainly centralized regulation and control systems and governance structures, respectively. In nature, however, life is mainly self-regulated by widespread, mainly DNA-encoded control mechanisms. The fact that life has endured for more than 2.4 billion years suggests that, for man-made systems, decentralized control concepts are superior to centralized ones. The authors discuss benefits and drawbacks of both approaches to achieving sustainability, providing valuable information for students and professional decision makers alike.

Quality of Human Resources  Education   Volume I Book

Quality of Human Resources Education Volume I


  • Author : Natalia P. Tarasova
  • Publisher : EOLSS Publications
  • Release Date : 2009-11-10
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 9781905839070
  • Total Read : 82
  • File Size : 17,5 Mb

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Quality of Human Resources Education Volume I Summary:

Quality of Human Resources: Education is a component of Encyclopedia of Human Resources Policy, Development and Management which is part of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme is organized into five different topics which represent the main scientific areas of the theme: Foundations of Educational Systems; Knowledge for Education; Structural Foundations of Educational Systems; Educational Systems: Case Studies and Educational Indices; Education for Sustainable Development. Each of these consists of a topic chapter emphasizing the general aspects and various subject articles explaining the back ground, theory and practice of a specific type of education which is a very important factor in human development and awareness for achieving global sustainable development. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.

Landscape Ecology in Asian Cultures Book

Landscape Ecology in Asian Cultures


  • Author : Sun-Kee Hong
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-12-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 331
  • ISBN 10 : 9784431877998
  • Total Read : 94
  • File Size : 13,5 Mb

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Landscape Ecology in Asian Cultures Summary:

Cultural landscapes are a product of the interactions between humans and natural settings. They are landscapes and seascapes that are shaped by human history and land use. Socioeconomic processes especially, but also environmental changes and natural disturbances, are some of the forces that make up landscape dynamics. To understand and manage such complex landscapes, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary approaches are necessary, emphasizing the integration of natural and social sciences and considering multiple landscape functions. The spatial patterns of Asian landscapes are strongly related to human activities and their impacts. Anthropogenic patterns and processes have created numerous traditional cultural landscapes throughout the region, and understanding them requires indigenous knowledge. Cultural landscape ecology from a uniquely Asian perspective is explored in this book, as are the management of landscapes and land-use policies. Human-dominated landscapes with long traditions, such as those described herein, provide useful information for all ecologists, not only in Asia, to better understand the human–environmental relationship and landscape sustainability.

Global Climatology and Ecodynamics Book

Global Climatology and Ecodynamics


  • Author : Arthur Philip Cracknell
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-11-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 518
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540782094
  • Total Read : 94
  • File Size : 5,7 Mb

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Global Climatology and Ecodynamics Summary:

The exclusive role of natural ecosystems is a key factor in the maintenance of the biospheric equilibrium. The current global crisis is largely caused by their dramatic decline by 43% in the past hundred years. Ignoring the immutable laws and limitations which determine the existence of all living things in the biosphere could lead humanity to an ecological catastrophe. This book presents the ecological, demographic, economic and socio-psychological manifestations of the global crisis and outlines the immutable laws and limitations which determine the existence of all living things in the biosphere. The authors are eminently qualified to write about the problems associated with the global crisis and consider the causes behind humanity's conflict with its environment. V. Danilov-Danilian, Associate of the Russian Academy of Sciences and Russia's former Minister of the Environment, and K. Losev, professor at Moscow State university, are leading Russian ecologists and I. Reyf is a journalist who specializes in ecology and global development. Dr. Danilov-Danilian works on the economics of nature management, economic and mathematical model building, sustainable development theory and ecology. Dr Losev is the chief researcher and head of the division of the VINITI. All the authors have published numerous papers, articles and books on such subjects as glaciology, hydrology, environment studies, global change and sustainable development.

Strategies for Sustainability of the Earth System Book

Strategies for Sustainability of the Earth System


  • Author : Peter A. Wilderer
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Genre: Biodiversity
  • Pages : 459
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030744588
  • Total Read : 76
  • File Size : 11,7 Mb

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Strategies for Sustainability of the Earth System Summary:

This volume builds on an international workshop held in 2019, inspired by James Lovelock's "The Revenge of Gaia - Why the Earth Is Fighting Back, and How We Can Still Save Humanity". It, therefore, understands the Gaia concept as an umbrella term for the living world that planet Earth is hosting for nearly 4 billion years. Humankind has intervened in this ecosystem since its emergence on the planet about 2.5 million years ago, often with painful consequences for itself. In its reactions, the Earth system follows only the laws of nature. Consequently, humanity needs to develop strategies for a sustainable Earth system. This volume presents a unique trans- and interdisciplinary variety of approaches to this challenge, offering philosophical considerations as well as practical medical research. It addresses a broad knowledgeable and general audience in environmental management, public administration, and higher education alike

Biotic Regulation of the Environment Book

Biotic Regulation of the Environment


  • Author : Victor Gorshkov
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2000-06-14
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN 10 : 185233181X
  • Total Read : 62
  • File Size : 9,6 Mb

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Biotic Regulation of the Environment Summary:

It is not possible to understand the apparent stability of the Earth's climate and environment unless we can fully understand how the best possible environmental conditions may be maintained for life to exist. Human colonization of areas with natural biota, for industrial or agricultural activities, will lead to degradation of those natural communities and violation of the BRE (biotic regulation of the environment) principle. Thus to maintain an environment on Earth that is suitable for life it is necessary to preserve and allow the natural recovery of natural biotic communities, both in the oceans and on land. This book is devoted to a quantitative version of the BRE concept, and is built on a foundation of modern scientific knowledge accumulated in the fields of physics and biology.

Sustainable Development and the Limitation of Growth Book
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Sustainable Development and the Limitation of Growth


  • Author : Victor I. Danilov-Danil'yan
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-03-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540752509
  • Total Read : 81
  • File Size : 20,7 Mb

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Sustainable Development and the Limitation of Growth Summary:

2007 marked the 20th anniversary of the G.H.Brundtland Commission report that broke new ground by addressing the issue of sustainable development as a means of avoiding an ecological catastrophe. This led to a multitude of political declarations, documents and scientific articles while Agenda 21 – adopted in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro – has been accepted by the governments of more than 100 countries. Sadly, however, this has not prevented certain recent dangerous trends, nor have the wider public, journalists, business circles or politicians grasped the urgency of the problem. It is therefore important to make humanity understand its real place in the natural environment and the gravity of the ecological threat before us. The exclusive role of natural ecosystems is a key factor in the maintenance of the biospheric equilibrium. The current global crisis is largely caused by their dramatic decline by 43% in the past hundred years. Ignoring the immutable laws and limitations which determine the existence of all living things in the biosphere could lead humanity to an ecological catastrophe. This book presents the ecological, demographic, economic and socio-psychological manifestations of the global crisis and outlines the immutable laws and limitations which determine the existence of all living things in the biosphere.