Microbial Forensics Book

Microbial Forensics

  • Author : Bruce Budowle
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-30
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128153802
  • Total Read : 94
  • File Size : 19,9 Mb

Microbial Forensics Summary:

Microbial Forensics, Third Edition, serves as a complete reference on the discipline, describing the advances, challenges and opportunities that are integral in applying science to help solve future biocrimes. New chapters include: Microbial Source Tracking, Clinical Recognition, Bioinformatics, and Quality Assurance. This book is intended for a wide audience, but will be indispensable to forensic scientists and researchers interested in contributing to the growing field of microbial forensics. Biologists and microbiologists, the legal and judicial system, and the international community involved with Biological Weapons Treaties will also find this volume invaluable. Presents new and expanded content that includes a statistical analysis of forensic data, legal admissibility and standards of evidence Discusses actual cases of forensic bioterrorism Includes contributions from editors and authors who are leading experts in the field, with primary experience in the application of this fast-growing discipline

Forensic Microbiology Book

Forensic Microbiology

  • Author : David O. Carter
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-03-27
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119062578
  • Total Read : 67
  • File Size : 13,7 Mb

Forensic Microbiology Summary:

Forensic Microbiology focuses on newly emerging areas of microbiology relevant to medicolegal and criminal investigations: postmortem changes, establishing cause of death, estimating postmortem interval, and trace evidence analysis. Recent developments in sequencing technology allow researchers, and potentially practitioners, to examine microbial communities at unprecedented resolution and in multidisciplinary contexts. This detailed study of microbes facilitates the development of new forensic tools that use the structure and function of microbial communities as physical evidence. Chapters cover: Experiment design Data analysis Sample preservation The influence of microbes on results from autopsy, toxicology, and histology Decomposition ecology Trace evidence This diverse, rapidly evolving field of study has the potential to provide high quality microbial evidence which can be replicated across laboratories, providing spatial and temporal evidence which could be crucial in a broad range of investigative contexts. This book is intended as a resource for students, microbiologists, investigators, pathologists, and other forensic science professionals.

Science Needs for Microbial Forensics Book

Science Needs for Microbial Forensics

  • Author : Committee on Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing an Initial International Roadmap
  • Publisher : National Academy Press
  • Release Date : 2014-07-25
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN 10 : 0309302455
  • Total Read : 97
  • File Size : 10,5 Mb

Science Needs for Microbial Forensics Summary:

Microbial forensics is a scientific discipline dedicated to analyzing evidence from a bioterrorism act, biocrime, or inadvertent microorganism or toxin release for attribution purposes. This emerging discipline seeks to offer investigators the tools and techniques to support efforts to identify the source of a biological threat agent and attribute a biothreat act to a particular person or group. Microbial forensics is still in the early stages of development and faces substantial scientific challenges to continue to build capacity. The unlawful use of biological agents poses substantial dangers to individuals, public health, the environment, the economies of nations, and global peace. It also is likely that scientific, political, and media-based controversy will surround any investigation of the alleged use of a biological agent, and can be expected to affect significantly the role that scientific information or evidence can play. For these reasons, building awareness of and capacity in microbial forensics can assist in our understanding of what may have occurred during a biothreat event, and international collaborations that engage the broader scientific and policy-making communities are likely to strengthen our microbial forensics capabilities. One goal would be to create a shared technical understanding of the possibilities - and limitations - of the scientific bases for microbial forensics analysis. "Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities," based partly on a workshop held in Zabgreb, Croatia in 2013, identifies scientific needs that must be addressed to improve the capabilities of microbial forensics to investigate infectious disease outbreaks and provide evidence of sufficient quality to support legal proceedings and the development of government policies. This report discusses issues of sampling, validation, data sharing, reference collection, research priorities, global disease monitoring, and training and

Chemical and Physical Signatures for Microbial Forensics Book

Chemical and Physical Signatures for Microbial Forensics

  • Author : John B. Cliff
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-12-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 148
  • ISBN 10 : 9781603272179
  • Total Read : 71
  • File Size : 17,7 Mb

Chemical and Physical Signatures for Microbial Forensics Summary:

Combining the disciplines of biological, physical and chemical science, microbial forensics has a rapidly rising profile in a world increasingly troubled by the threat of ‘biocrime’ and ‘bioterrorism’. This valuable resource is a major addition to a body of literature reckoned to lack sufficient breadth. It presents a variety of phenotypic and trace signature methodologies associated with cultured microorganisms that, despite being genetically identical, may be characterized by differing cultural environments. One of the central challenges faced by those working in this field is the sheer diversity of potentially harmful agents, which in themselves total more than 1000 viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoan parasites. Their numerous additional variants render the process of ‘fingerprinting’ biological agents notoriously difficult, especially when the limitations of genetic analysis are factored in. Attribution of crime is relatively easy through human DNA, but lacking the genetic individuation of humans and animals, microbial forensics has to complement phylogenetic techniques with chemical and physical ones. In the best case, genetic analysis in the ‘biocrime’ sector can exclude sources, narrow the population of possible sources and support associations with potential sources. To complement these genetic techniques, chemical and physical methods can be used to compare ‘signatures’ imparted to microbial samples by environments in which they are grown and processed. Collating a range of microbiological fingerprinting techniques in one volume, and covering everything from statistical analysis to laboratory protocols, this publication furthers the aim of forensic investigators who need robust and legally admissible forensic evidence to present in a courtroom.

Environmental Forensics Book

Environmental Forensics

  • Author : Ronald E. Hester
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN 10 : 9780854049578
  • Total Read : 71
  • File Size : 8,6 Mb

Environmental Forensics Summary:

This exciting book gives an overview of environmental forensics and related topics with contributions from worldwide experts.

Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing Book

Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing

  • Author : John M. Butler
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2009-09-30
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN 10 : 0080961762
  • Total Read : 89
  • File Size : 15,5 Mb

Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing Summary:

Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing is written with a broad viewpoint. It examines the methods of current forensic DNA typing, focusing on short tandem repeats (STRs). It encompasses current forensic DNA analysis methods, as well as biology, technology and genetic interpretation. This book reviews the methods of forensic DNA testing used in the first two decades since early 1980’s, and it offers perspectives on future trends in this field, including new genetic markers and new technologies. Furthermore, it explains the process of DNA testing from collection of samples through DNA extraction, DNA quantitation, DNA amplification, and statistical interpretation. The book also discusses DNA databases, which play an important role in law enforcement investigations. In addition, there is a discussion about ethical concerns in retaining DNA profiles and the issues involved when people use a database to search for close relatives. Students of forensic DNA analysis, forensic scientists, and members of the law enforcement and legal professions who want to know more about STR typing will find this book invaluable. Includes a glossary with over 400 terms for quick reference of unfamiliar terms as well as an acronym guide to decipher the DNA dialect Continues in the style of Forensic DNA Typing, 2e, with high-profile cases addressed in D.N.A.Boxes-- "Data, Notes & Applications" sections throughout Ancillaries include: instructor manual Web site, with tailored set of 1000+ PowerPoint slides (including figures), links to online training websites and a test bank with key

Forensic Ecogenomics Book

Forensic Ecogenomics

  • Author : T. Komang Ralebitso-Senior
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-02-10
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128096093
  • Total Read : 89
  • File Size : 14,5 Mb

Forensic Ecogenomics Summary:

Forensic Ecogenomics: The Application of Microbial Ecology Analyses in Forensic Contexts provides intelligence on important topics, including environmental sample provenance, how to indicate the body decomposition timeline to support postmortem interval (PMI) and postmortem submersion interval (PMSI) estimates, and how to enhance identification of clandestine and transit grave locations. A diverse group of international experts have come together to present a clear perspective of forensic ecogenomics that encapsulates cutting-edge, topical and relevant cross-disciplinary approaches vital to the field. Considers the effects of decomposition on bacterial, fungal and mesofaunal populations in pristine ecosystems Examines the role of the microbiome, necrobiome and thanatomicrobiome in postmortem interval estimations Focuses on the application of different analytical techniques across forensics to enhance/expand the crime scene investigation toolkit Written by a wide range of international experts in their respective fields