Communities in Action Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Communities in Action

  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • File Size : 17,9 Mb
  • Release Date : 2017-04-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 583
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309452960


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In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Health Equity Book

Health Equity

  • Author : K. Bryant Smalley, Ph.D., Psy.D.
  • Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
  • File Size : 20,5 Mb
  • Release Date : 2020-08-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 700
  • ISBN 10 : 9780826177247


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Health Equity: A Solutions-Focused Approach is a comprehensive textbook that illustrates existing conditions of health disparities across a range of populations in the United States, positions those disparities within the broader sociopolitical framework that leads to their existence, and most importantly, presents specific ways in which health equity solutions can be designed and implemented. Presenting current theoretical foundations, cultural context, and evidence-based models and interventions all in one, this textbook provides students with the basis to achieve greater health equity in their communities. Edited by award-winning authors and featuring contributions from diverse experts in public health, sociology, psychology, and medicine, this groundbreaking text goes beyond a traditional approach to risk factors and disparities and emphasizes the central role that health equity initiatives must play in public health research and practice. The book is divided into three sections, with Section I focusing on providing the context of health equity research and practice. Chapters are structured in a way that both new and experienced students in the field will develop a deeper understanding of topics such as prejudice and discrimination; frameworks and theories; and research and collaboration approaches. Section II addresses the current knowledge of specific populations impacted by issues related to health equity, including African American, Latinx and Hispanic, Asian, American Indian and Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander, LGBTQ, Veteran, People with Disabilities, and many more. Authored or co-authored by members of the community being discussed, each of these chapters summarizes how health disparities impact the group, ongoing population-specific models of disparities and equity, emerging programs for achieving health equity, coverage of the most relevant aspects of intersectionality, and concluding exercises such as case studies and current events

The Economics of Health Equity Book
Score: 3
From 1 Ratings

The Economics of Health Equity

  • Author : Di McIntyre
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • File Size : 13,5 Mb
  • Release Date : 2007-10-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781139467377


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This book is about equity in health and health care. It explores why, despite being seen as an important goal, health equity has not made more progress within countries and globally, and what needs to change for there to be greater success in delivering fairness. An international team of eminent experts from primarily the field of health economics describe how equity in health and health care might develop over the next decade. They examine existing and past barriers to promoting equity, citing case examples, and covering issues including access to health services and inequalities between and within countries. The analyses are detailed, but the issues are approached in an accessible fashion, highlighting the factors of common international relevance. This book provides a manifesto for achieving health equity for the future. It will be essential reading for health and social policy makers, and health academics nationally and internationally.

Indigenous Health Equity and Wellness Book

Indigenous Health Equity and Wellness

  • Author : Catherine E. Mckinley
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • File Size : 20,6 Mb
  • Release Date : 2022-02-28
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000545388


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This book focuses on promoting health equity and addressing health disparities among Indigenous peoples of the United States (U.S.) and associated Territories in the Pacific Islands and Caribbean. It provides an overview of the current state of health equity across social, physical, and mental health domains to provide a preliminary understanding of the state of Indigenous health equity. Part 1 of the book traces the promotive, protective, and risk factors related to Indigenous health equity. Part 2 reports promising pathways to achieving and transcending health equity through the description of interventions that address and promote wellness related to key outcomes. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work.

Analyzing Health Equity Using Household Survey Data Book

Analyzing Health Equity Using Household Survey Data

  • Author : Adam Wagstaff
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • File Size : 19,7 Mb
  • Release Date : 2007-11-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 165
  • ISBN 10 : 0821369342


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Have gaps in health outcomes between the poor and better off grown? Are they larger in one country than another? Are health sector subsidies more equally distributed in some countries than others? Are health care payments more progressive in one health care financing system than another? What are catastrophic payments and how can they be measured? How far do health care payments impoverish households? Answering questions such as these requires quantitative analysis. This in turn depends on a clear understanding of how to measure key variables in the analysis, such as health outcomes, health expenditures, need, and living standards. It also requires set quantitative methods for measuring inequality and inequity, progressivity, catastrophic expenditures, poverty impact, and so on. This book provides an overview of the key issues that arise in the measurement of health variables and living standards, outlines and explains essential tools and methods for distributional analysis, and, using worked examples, shows how these tools and methods can be applied in the health sector. The book seeks to provide the reader with both a solid grasp of the principles underpinning distributional analysis, while at the same time offering hands-on guidance on how to move from principles to practice.

Distributional Cost Effectiveness Analysis Book

Distributional Cost Effectiveness Analysis

  • Author : Richard Cookson
  • Publisher : Handbooks in Health Economic Evaluation
  • File Size : 19,9 Mb
  • Release Date : 2020-09-30
  • Genre: Medical care
  • Pages : 385
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198838197


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Health inequalities blight lives, generate enormous costs, and exist everywhere. This book is the definitive all-in-one guide for anyone who wishes to learn about, commission, and use distributional cost-effectiveness analysis to promote both equity and efficiency in health and healthcare.

The Science of Health Disparities Research Book

The Science of Health Disparities Research

  • Author : Irene Dankwa-Mullan
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • File Size : 10,8 Mb
  • Release Date : 2021-03-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 548
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119374817


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Integrates the various disciplines of the science of health disparities in one comprehensive volume The Science of Health Disparities Research is an indispensable source of up-to-date information on clinical and translational health disparities science. Building upon the advances in health disparities research over the past decade, this authoritative volume informs policies and practices addressing the diseases, disorders, and gaps in health outcomes that are more prevalent in minority populations and socially disadvantaged communities. Contributions by recognized scholars and leaders in the field—featuring contemporary research, conceptual models, and a broad range of scientific perspectives—provide an interdisciplinary approach to reducing inequalities in population health, encouraging community engagement in the research process, and promoting social justice. In-depth chapters help readers better understand the specifics of minority health and health disparities while demonstrating the importance of advancing theory, refining measurement, improving investigative methods, and diversifying scientific research. In 26 chapters, the book examines topics including the etiology of health disparities research, the determinants of population health, research ethics, and research in African American, Asians, Latino, American Indian, and other vulnerable populations. Providing a unified framework on the principles and applications of the science of health disparities research, this important volume: Defines the field of health disparities science and suggests new directions in scholarship and research Explains basic definitions, principles, and concepts for identifying, understanding and addressing health disparities Provides guidance on both conducting health disparities research and translating the results Examines how social, historical and contemporary injustices may influence the health of racial and ethnic minorities Illustrates the increasing national and global

Health Equity in Brazil Book

Health Equity in Brazil

  • Author : Kia Lilly Caldwell
  • Publisher : University of Illinois Press
  • File Size : 18,5 Mb
  • Release Date : 2017-06-30
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 10 : 9780252099533


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Brazil's leadership role in the fight against HIV has brought its public health system widespread praise. But the nation still faces serious health challenges and inequities. Though home to the world's second largest African-descendant population, Brazil failed to address many of its public health issues that disproportionately impact Afro-Brazilian women and men. Kia Lilly Caldwell draws on twenty years of engagement with activists, issues, and policy initiatives to document how the country's feminist health movement and black women's movement have fought for much-needed changes in women's health. Merging ethnography with a historical analysis of policies and programs, Caldwell offers a close examination of institutional and structural factors that have impacted the quest for gender and racial health equity in Brazil. As she shows, activists have played an essential role in policy development in areas ranging from maternal mortality to female sterilization. Caldwell's insightful portrait of the public health system also details how its weaknesses contribute to ongoing failures and challenges while also imperiling the advances that have been made.

Achieving Behavioral Health Equity for Children  Families  and Communities Book

Achieving Behavioral Health Equity for Children Families and Communities

  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • File Size : 12,5 Mb
  • Release Date : 2019-04-16
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 126
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309488082


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In November 2017, the The Forum on Promoting Children's Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Health, in collaboration with the Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity, convened a workshop on promoting children's behavioral health equity. The workshop used a socio-ecological developmental model to explore health equity of children and families, including those with complex needs and chronic conditions. Particular attention was paid to challenges experienced by children and families in both rural and urban contexts, to include but not limited to poverty, individual and institutional racism, low-resourced communities, and hindered access to educational and health care services. Workshop participants also engaged in solution-oriented discussions of initiatives, policies, and programs that aim to improve social determinants of health, opportunities for behavioral health promotion, and access to quality services that address the behavioral health of all children and families. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussion of the event.

My Quest for Health Equity Book

My Quest for Health Equity

  • Author : David Satcher
  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • File Size : 16,7 Mb
  • Release Date : 2020-09-08
  • Genre: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN 10 : 9781421438320


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My Quest for Health Equity is a vital resource for current and rising leaders.

Health Equity and Nursing Book

Health Equity and Nursing

  • Author : Margaret P. Moss, PhD, JD, RN, FAAN
  • Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
  • File Size : 7,6 Mb
  • Release Date : 2020-04-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780826195074


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Authored by highly respected nurse educators, leaders, and scholars, this text focuses on the power of nurses and how they can make substantial contributions to improve the health of all populations. It delivers an in-depth examination and analysis of current issues and determinants of health as outlined by Healthy People 2020 and addresses AACN’s Essentials of Doctoral Education for Advanced Nursing Practice. Along with principles, pathways, and imperatives pertinent to achieving health equity, thetext discusses the evolution of thinking from eliminating health disparities to achieving health equity, and examines population-based and population-specific inequities in health status and outcomes. Highlighting the importance of interprofessional collaboration, it surveys timely initiatives, programs, and professionals—within and outside of the health sciences—who are important partners in efforts toward achieving health equity. Chapters are highly templated to include objectives, key concepts, critical-thinking questions, discussion questions, and resources. Key Features: Focuses on the power of nursing to make substantive contributions to improving the health of all populations Examines principles, pathways, and imperatives pertinent to achieving health equity Discusses economic, environmental, personal, social, and structural factors that impact health status and outcomes Highlights the importance of interprofessional collaboration in achieving health equity Addresses AACN’s Essentials of Doctoral Education for Advanced Nursing Practice Demonstrates key concepts and stimulates reflection through critical-thinking and discussion questions Purchase includes digital access for use on most mobile devices or computers

Why Are Health Disparities Everyone s Problem  Book

Why Are Health Disparities Everyone s Problem

  • Author : Lisa Cooper
  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • File Size : 15,5 Mb
  • Release Date : 2021-06-29
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN 10 : 9781421441153


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The "Personhood" of Patients -- The Patient-Physician Relationship -- Developing Solutions to Health Care Disparities -- The Center for Health Equity -- From Research to Practice and Policy -- A Global Perspective on Health Equity -- Health Equity in the Era of Covid.

Community Health Equity Book

Community Health Equity

  • Author : Fernando De Maio
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • File Size : 18,7 Mb
  • Release Date : 2019-03-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9780226614762


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Perhaps more than any other American city, Chicago has been a center for the study of both urban history and economic inequity. Community Health Equity assembles a century of research to show the range of effects that Chicago’s structural socioeconomic inequalities have had on patients and medical facilities alike. The work collected here makes clear that when a city is sharply divided by power, wealth, and race, the citizens who most need high-quality health care and social services have the greatest difficulty accessing them. Achieving good health is not simply a matter of making the right choices as an individual, the research demonstrates: it’s the product of large-scale political and economic forces. Understanding these forces, and what we can do to correct them, should be critical not only to doctors but to sociologists and students of the urban environment—and no city offers more inspiring examples for action to overcome social injustice in health than Chicago.

The Future of Nursing 2020 2030 Book

The Future of Nursing 2020 2030

  • Author : National Academies of Sciences Engineering and Medicine
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • File Size : 16,7 Mb
  • Release Date : 2021-09-30
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 0309685060


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The decade ahead will test the nation's nearly 4 million nurses in new and complex ways. Nurses live and work at the intersection of health, education, and communities. Nurses work in a wide array of settings and practice at a range of professional levels. They are often the first and most frequent line of contact with people of all backgrounds and experiences seeking care and they represent the largest of the health care professions. A nation cannot fully thrive until everyone - no matter who they are, where they live, or how much money they make - can live their healthiest possible life, and helping people live their healthiest life is and has always been the essential role of nurses. Nurses have a critical role to play in achieving the goal of health equity, but they need robust education, supportive work environments, and autonomy. Accordingly, at the request of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, on behalf of the National Academy of Medicine, an ad hoc committee under the auspices of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine conducted a study aimed at envisioning and charting a path forward for the nursing profession to help reduce inequities in people's ability to achieve their full health potential. The ultimate goal is the achievement of health equity in the United States built on strengthened nursing capacity and expertise. By leveraging these attributes, nursing will help to create and contribute comprehensively to equitable public health and health care systems that are designed to work for everyone. The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity explores how nurses can work to reduce health disparities and promote equity, while keeping costs at bay, utilizing technology, and maintaining patient and family-focused care into 2030. This work builds on the foundation set out by The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health (2011) report.

Health Equity  Social Justice and Human Rights Book

Health Equity Social Justice and Human Rights

  • Author : Fiona H McKay
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • File Size : 9,6 Mb
  • Release Date : 2020-04-28
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000055979


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Important links between health and human rights are increasingly recognised, and human rights can be viewed as one of the social determinants of health. A human rights framework provides an excellent foundation for advocacy on health inequalities, a value-based alternative to views of health as a commodity, and an opportunity to move away from public health action being based on charity. This text demystifies systems set up for the protection and promotion of human rights globally, regionally, and nationally. It explores the use and usefulness of rights-based approaches as an important part of the toolbox available to health and welfare professionals and community members working in a variety of settings to improve health and reduce health inequities. Global in its scope, Health Equity, Social Justice, and Human Rights presents examples from all over the world to illustrate the successful use of human rights approaches in fields such as HIV/AIDS, improving access to essential drugs, reproductive health, women’s health, and improving the health of marginalised and disadvantaged groups. Understanding human rights and their interrelationships with health and health equity is essential for public health and health promotion practitioners, as well as being important for a wide range of other health and social welfare professionals. This text is valuable reading for students, practitioners, and researchers concerned with combating health inequalities and promoting social justice.