Flammability Testing of Materials Used in Construction  Transport  and Mining Book

Flammability Testing of Materials Used in Construction Transport and Mining


  • Author : Vivek Apte
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-11-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081028186
  • Total Read : 81
  • File Size : 15,9 Mb

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Flammability Testing of Materials Used in Construction Transport and Mining Summary:

Flammability Testing of Materials used in Construction, Transport, and Mining, Second Edition provides an authoritative guide to current best practice in ensuring fire-safe design. The book begins by discussing the fundamentals of flammability, measurement techniques, and the main types of fire tests for various applications. Building on this foundation, a group of chapters then reviews tests for key materials used in the building, transport, and mining sectors. There are chapters on wood products, external cladding, and sandwich panels as well as the flammability of walls and ceilings linings. Tests for upholstered furniture and mattresses, cables, and electrical appliances are also reviewed. A final group of chapters discusses fire tests for the transport sector, including those for railway passenger cars, aircraft, road and rail tunnels, ships, and submarines. There is also a chapter on tests for spontaneous ignition of solid materials. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Flammability Testing of Materials used in Construction, Transport, and Mining is an invaluable reference for fire safety, civil, chemical, mechanical, mining and transport engineers. In this revised edition, the latest information is provided on fire testing of products, systems, components, and materials used across these essential sectors, with all regulations and standards brought up to date. Relays all new developments in fire safety standards, regulations and performance requirements Covers a broad range of infrastructure sectors such as construction, transport, and mining Updated to include cutting-edge fire tests and the latest iteration of standards including ISO, ASTM, and EN

Fabric Testing Book

Fabric Testing


  • Author : Jinlian Hu
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2008-09-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845695064
  • Total Read : 67
  • File Size : 9,5 Mb

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Fabric Testing Summary:

The textile industry is becoming an increasingly competitive environment. Differentiating products by quality is particularly important. Testing can be performed both to improve product quality and achieve compliance to international, regional or retailer specific standards. Fabric testing provides a comprehensive review of the tests available for fabrics. The book begins with introductory chapters which discuss the scope, importance and statistical analysis of fabric testing. The book then reviews various types of fabric tests such as fabric composition testing, physical and mechanical tests, fabric chemical testing, how to test appearance, permeability, comfort and flammability, as well as dyeing and colouring tests and key issues in testing textile samples. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors Fabric testing is a valuable resource for designers, technologists, quality inspectors and testing institutes in the textile industry. It is also relevant for academics and students within the textile field. Reviews various types of fabric tests including fabric composition and fabric chemical testing Discusses the scope, significance and statistical analysis of fabric testing Assesses the importance of fabric testing to both product quality and industry standard compliance

Advances in Fire Retardant Materials Book

Advances in Fire Retardant Materials


  • Author : A. Richard Horrocks
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2008-09-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845695071
  • Total Read : 92
  • File Size : 9,5 Mb

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Advances in Fire Retardant Materials Summary:

This important book provides a comprehensive account of the advances that have occurred in fire science in relation to a broad range of materials. The manufacture of fire retardant materials is an active area of research, the understanding of which can improve safety as well as the marketability of a product. The first part of the book reviews the advances that have occurred in improving the fire retardancy of specific materials, ranging from developments in phosphorus and halogen-free flame retardants to the use of nanocomposites as novel flame retardant systems. Key environmental issues are also addressed. The second group of chapters examines fire testing issues and regulations. A final group of chapters addresses the application of fire retardant materials in such areas as composites, automotive materials, military fabrics and aviation materials. With its distinguished editors and array of international contributors, this book is an essential reference for producers, manufacturers, retailers and all those wishing to improve fire retardancy in materials. It is also suitable for researchers in industry or academia. Reviews advances in improving the retardancy of materials Addresses key environmental issues Examines fire testing issues and regulations and the challenges involved

Fire Toxicity Book

Fire Toxicity


  • Author : A A Stec
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-03-12
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 728
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845698072
  • Total Read : 90
  • File Size : 5,5 Mb

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Fire Toxicity Summary:

Toxic fire effluents are responsible for the majority of fire deaths, and an increasing large majority of fire injuries, driven by the widespread and increasing use of synthetic polymers. Fire safety has focused on preventing ignition and reducing flame spread through reducing the rate of heat release, while neglecting the important issue of fire toxicity. This is the first reference work on fire toxicity and the only scientific publication on the subject in the last 15 years. Assessment of toxic effects of fires is increasingly being recognised as a key factor in the assessment of fire hazards. This book raises important issues including the types of toxic effluents that different fires produce, their physiological effects, methods for generation and assessment of fire toxicity, current and proposed regulations and approaches to modelling the toxic impact of fires. The contributors to Fire toxicity represent an international team of the leading experts in each aspect of this challenging and important field. This book provides an important reference work for professionals in the fire community, including fire fighters, fire investigators, regulators, fire safety engineers, and formulators of fire-safe materials. It will also prove invaluable to researchers in academia and industry. Investigates the controversial subject of toxic effluents as the cause of the majority of fire deaths and injuries Describes the different types of toxic effluents and the specific fires that they produce, their physiological effects and methods for generation Provides an overview of national and international fire safety regulations including current and proposed regulations such as a standardized framework for prediction of fire gas toxicity

Geosynthetics in Civil Engineering Book

Geosynthetics in Civil Engineering


  • Author : R W Sarsby
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2006-12-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845692490
  • Total Read : 89
  • File Size : 17,6 Mb

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Geosynthetics in Civil Engineering Summary:

Geosynthetics are man-made polymer-based materials which facilitate cost effective building, environmental, transportation and other construction projects. Given their versatility, geosynthetics are a vital material in all aspects of civil engineering. The first section of the book covers the fundamentals of geosynthetics. Chapters discuss the design and durability of geosynthetics together with their material properties and international standards governing their use. Building on these foundations, part two examines the various applications of geosynthetics in areas such as filters, separators, landfills, barriers and foundation materials. The book concludes by reviewing methods of quality assurance and the service life of geosynthetics. Written by an international team of contributors, Geosynthetics in civil engineering is an essential reference to all those involved in civil engineering. Discusses the fundamentals of geosynthetics Examines various applications in areas such as filters, separators, landfills and foundation materials Reviews quality assurance and the service life of geosynthetics

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials  Second Edition Book

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Second Edition


  • Author : Charles A. Wilkie
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2009-12-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 840
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420084009
  • Total Read : 61
  • File Size : 7,8 Mb

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Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Second Edition Summary:

When dealing with challenges such as providing fire protection while considering cost, mechanical and thermal performance and simultaneously addressing increasing regulations that deal with composition of matter and life cycle issues, there are no quick, one-size-fits-all answers. Packed with comprehensive coverage, scientific approach, step-by-step directions, and a distillation of technical knowledge, the first edition of Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials broke new ground. It supplied a one-stop resource for the development of new fire safe materials. The editors have expanded the second edition to echo the multidisciplinary approach inherent in current flame retardancy technology and put it in a revised, more user-friendly format. More than just an update of previously covered topics, this edition discusses: additional fire retardant chemistry developments in regulations and standards new flame retardant approaches fire safety engineering modeling and fire growth phenomena The book introduces flame retardants polymer-by-polymer, supplemented by a brief overview of mode of action and interaction, and all the other ancillary issues involved in this applied field of materials science. The book delineates what, why, and how to do it, covering the fundamentals of polymer burning/combustion and how to apply these systems and chemistries to specific materials classes. It also provides suggested formulations, discusses why certain materials are preferred for particular uses or applications, and offers a starting point from which to develop fire-safe materials.

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials Book

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials


  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2022-03-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323852913
  • Total Read : 70
  • File Size : 15,7 Mb

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Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials Summary:

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials presents the potential and toxic effects of building materials on human health, along with tactics on how to minimize exposure. Chapters are divided into four sections covering the toxicity of indoor environments, fire toxicity, radioactive materials, and toxicity from plastics, metals, asbestos, nanoparticles and construction wastes. Key chapters focus on the reduction of chemical emissions in houses with eco-labelled building materials and potential risks posed by indoor pollutants that may include volatile organic compounds (VOC), formaldehyde, semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOC), radon, NOx, asbestos and nanoparticles. Known illnesses and reactions that can be triggered by these toxic building materials include asthma, itchiness, burning eyes, skin irritations or rashes, nose and throat irritation, nausea, headaches, dizziness, fatigue, reproductive impairment, disruption of the endocrine system, impaired child development and birth defects, immune system suppression, and even cancer. Provides an essential guide to the potential toxic effects of building materials on human health Comprehensively examines materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds Presents coverage on fire toxicity and an evaluation of the radioactivity of building materials Includes several cases studies throughout and addresses current international standards

Mineral Wool Book

Mineral Wool


  • Author : B Sirok
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2008-05-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845694456
  • Total Read : 66
  • File Size : 9,8 Mb

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Mineral Wool Summary:

Mineral wool has a unique range of properties combining high thermal resistance with long-term stability. It is made from molten glass, stone or slag that is spun into a fibre-like structure which creates a combination of properties that no other insulation material can match. It has the ability to save energy, minimize pollution, combat noise, reduce the risk of fire and protect life and property in the event of fire. Mineral wool: Production and properties describes the technological process of mineral wool production and the physical characteristics of the melt and theoretical bases of multiregression and dimensionless theory. This is followed by the introduction of the fibre cooling model in the blow-away flow and the influence of temperature in the melt film (on the rotating centrifuge wheels) on the thickness of forming fibres. The second part predominantly focuses on the use of computer-aided visualisation: tools for the diagnostics of fibre and primary layer formation. Special attention is given to the study of aerodynamic characteristics of the airflow which significantly influences the quality of the final product. Mineral wool: Production and properties is suitable for engineers, researchers and for graduate and postgraduate students who want to broaden their knowledge of experimental methods in this field. Describes the technological process of mineral wool production and the physical characteristics Focuses on the use of computer-aided visualisation and discusses aerodynamic characteristics of the airflow Essential for engineers, researchers and students to gain knowledge of experimental methods in this field