Atomic Clusters with Unusual Structure  Bonding and Reactivity Book

Atomic Clusters with Unusual Structure Bonding and Reactivity


  • Author : Pratim Kumar Chattaraj
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-10-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128231012
  • Total Read : 74
  • File Size : 14,8 Mb

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Atomic Clusters with Unusual Structure Bonding and Reactivity Summary:

Atomic Clusters with Unusual Structure, Bonding and Reactivity: Theoretical Approaches, Computational Assessment and Applications reviews the latest computational tools and approaches available for accurately assessing the properties of a cluster, while also highlighting how such clusters can be adapted and utilized for the development of novel materials and applications. Sections provide an introduction to the computational methods used to obtain global minima for clusters and effectively analyze bonds, outline experimental approaches to produce clusters, discuss specific applications, and explore cluster reactivity and usage across a number of fields. Drawing on the knowledge of its expert editors and contributors, this book provides a detailed guide to ascertaining the stability, bonding and properties of atomic clusters. Atomic clusters, which exhibit unusual properties, offer huge potential as building blocks for new materials and novel applications, but understanding their properties, stability and bonding is essential in order to accurately understand, characterize and manipulate them for further use. Searching for the most stable geometry of a given cluster is difficult and becomes even more so for clusters of medium and large sizes, where the number of possible isomers sharply increase, hence this book provides a unique and comprehensive approach to the topic and available techniques and applications. Introduces readers to the vast structural and bonding diversity that clusters show and reflects on their potential for novel application and material development Highlights the latest computational methods and theoretical tools available for identification of the most stable isomers and accurate analysis of bonding in the clusters Focuses on clusters which violate the rules established in traditional chemistry and exhibit unusual structure, bonding and reactivity

Atomic Clusters  Theory   Experiments Book

Atomic Clusters Theory Experiments


  • Author : Ambrish Kumar Srivastava
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2022-01-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 108
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889719204
  • Total Read : 75
  • File Size : 17,8 Mb

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Atomic Clusters Theory Experiments Summary:

Clusters Book

Clusters


  • Author : Minh Tho Nguyen
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-01-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 363
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319489186
  • Total Read : 90
  • File Size : 13,9 Mb

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Clusters Summary:

The field of atomic clusters continues to attract great interest amongst physicists and chemists alike. This is in part due to their intrinsic properties and potential industrial applications. The first part of Binary Clusters is devoted to recent developments in experimental techniques, the second part covers a variety of theoretical approaches. Different theoretical methods based on group/graph theories and quantum chemical computational methods as well as various spectroscopy techniques (such as mass, laser, infrared, photoelectron etc.) are applied to the determination of the existence of geometrical and electronic structures, chemical bonding phenomena, and the thermodynamic stabilities of several classes of binary clusters. All chapters within this review volume have been contributed by experts in chemistry, physics, and material sciences based at the University of Leuven, Belgium. This book is aimed at professionals and students working in cluster science.

Cluster Assembled Materials Book

Cluster Assembled Materials


  • Author : Klaus Sattler
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1996
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 0878497471
  • Total Read : 67
  • File Size : 17,5 Mb

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Cluster Assembled Materials Summary:

It is now some 15 years since atomic clusters were first produced and investigated in laboratories. Since then, knowledge concerning clusters has enjoyed rapid and sustained growth, and cluster research has become a new branch of science.

Atomic and Nuclear Clusters Book

Atomic and Nuclear Clusters


  • Author : G.S. Anagostatos
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 317
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642796968
  • Total Read : 71
  • File Size : 8,6 Mb

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Atomic and Nuclear Clusters Summary:

The Second International Conference on Atomic and Nuclear Clusters '93 was orga nized in a joint effort by the 'Demokritos' National Center for Scientific Research, G. S. Anagnostatos (representing the atomic physics) and the Hahn-Meitner-Institut, W. von Oertzen (representing the nuclear physics). The subject of clusters - small aggregates of particles - is a topic of primary interest in both atomic and nuclear physics, and also in other fields like in the case of quark-structure of baryons and in cosmology. The interplay between atomic and nuclear physics is a particularly fascinating one because many concepts are common to both fields (quantal effects, shells, geometric structures, collective modes, fission etc. ) This conference was the second after the first one organized by Professor M. Brenner in Abo (Finland) in 1991. The general atmosphere of a joint forum for atomic and nuclear physicists was very fruitful and thus the decision to have a sequence of such meetings has been taken. A third one is planned in St. Petersburg (Russia) with Professor K. Gridnev (St. Petersburg) and Mme. Professor C. Bnkhignac (Orsay) as Chairpersons. The conference site, Fin\. on Santorini island (Greece), was a wonderful choice for a conference. It is small, which helps to keep people concentrated in a smaller community, it has a perfect convention center, the P. Nomikos Conference Center, and a very beautiful landscape formed by a large volcanic crater.

Gas Phase Metal Reactions Book

Gas Phase Metal Reactions


  • Author : A. Fontijn
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 710
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483291215
  • Total Read : 70
  • File Size : 19,6 Mb

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Gas Phase Metal Reactions Summary:

The book brings together, for the first time, all aspects of reactions of metallic species in the gas phase and gives an up-to-date overview of the field. Reactions covered include those of atomic, other free radical and transient neutral species, as well as ions. Experimental and theoretical work is reviewed and the efforts to establish a closer link between these approaches are discussed. The field is mainly approached from a fundamental point-of-view, but the applied problems which have helped stimulate the interest are pointed out and form the major subject of the final chapters. These emphasize the competition between purely gas-phase and gas-surface reactions.

Structure and Properties of Clusters  from a few Atoms to Nanoparticles Book

Structure and Properties of Clusters from a few Atoms to Nanoparticles


  • Author : George Maroulis
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2006-10-27
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : 9789047418603
  • Total Read : 67
  • File Size : 10,9 Mb

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Structure and Properties of Clusters from a few Atoms to Nanoparticles Summary:

This volume on Clusters brings together contributions from a large number of specialists. A central element for all contributions is the use of advanced computational methodologies and their application to various aspects of structure, reactivity and properties of clusters. The size of clusters varies from a few atoms to nanoparticles. Special emphasis is given to bringing forth new insights on the structure and properties of these systems with an eye towards potential applications in Materials Science. Overal, the volume presents to the readers an amazing wealth of new results. Particular subjects include water clusters, Silicon, Iron, Nickel and Gold clusters, carbon-titanium microclusters and nanoparticles, fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, chiral carbon nanotubes, boron nanoclusters and more.

Aromaticity and Metal Clusters Book

Aromaticity and Metal Clusters


  • Author : Pratim Kumar Chattaraj
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2010-10-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN 10 : 1439813353
  • Total Read : 93
  • File Size : 20,6 Mb

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Aromaticity and Metal Clusters Summary:

Metal clusters, an intermediate state between molecules and the extended solid, show peculiar bonding and reactivity patterns. Their significance is critical to many areas, including air pollution, interstellar matter, clay minerals, photography, catalysis, quantum dots, and virus crystals. In Aromaticity and Metal Clusters, dozens of international experts explore not only the basic aspects of aromaticity, but also the structures, properties, reactivity, stability, and other consequences of the aromaticity of a variety of metal clusters. Although the concept of aromaticity has been known for nearly two centuries, there is no way to measure it experimentally and no theoretical formula to calculate it. In order to gain insight into its exact nature, the authors of this volume examine various indirect characteristics such as geometrical, electronic, magnetic, thermodynamic, and reactivity considerations. The book begins by discussing the evolution of aromaticity from benzene to atomic clusters. Next, more specialized chapters focus on areas of significant interest. Topics discussed include: Computational studies on molecules with unusual aromaticity Electronic shells and magnetism in small metal clusters A density functional investigation on the structures, energetics, and properties of sodium clusters through electrostatic guidelines and molecular tailoring The correlation between electron delocalization and ring currents in all metallic aromatic compounds Phenomenological shell model and aromaticity in metal clusters Rationalizing the aromaticity indexes used to describe the aromatic behavior of metal clusters 5f orbital successive aromatic and antiaromatic zones in triangular uranium cluster chemistry This collection of diverse contributions, composed of the work of scientists worldwide, is destined to not only answer puzzling questions about the nature of aromaticity, but also to provoke further inquiry in the minds of researchers.