Adversarial Robustness for Machine Learning Book

Adversarial Robustness for Machine Learning

  • Author : Pin-Yu Chen
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • File Size : 13,9 Mb
  • Release Date : 2022-08-20
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128242575


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Adversarial Robustness for Machine Learning summarizes the recent progress on this topic and introduces popular algorithms on adversarial attack, defense and veri?cation. Sections cover adversarial attack, veri?cation and defense, mainly focusing on image classi?cation applications which are the standard benchmark considered in the adversarial robustness community. Other sections discuss adversarial examples beyond image classification, other threat models beyond testing time attack, and applications on adversarial robustness. For researchers, this book provides a thorough literature review that summarizes latest progress in the area, which can be a good reference for conducting future research. In addition, the book can also be used as a textbook for graduate courses on adversarial robustness or trustworthy machine learning. While machine learning (ML) algorithms have achieved remarkable performance in many applications, recent studies have demonstrated their lack of robustness against adversarial disturbance. The lack of robustness brings security concerns in ML models for real applications such as self-driving cars, robotics controls and healthcare systems. Summarizes the whole field of adversarial robustness for Machine learning models Provides a clearly explained, self-contained reference Introduces formulations, algorithms and intuitions Includes applications based on adversarial robustness

Adversarial Robustness of Deep Learning Models Book

Adversarial Robustness of Deep Learning Models

  • Author : Samarth Gupta (S.M.)
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • File Size : 17,9 Mb
  • Release Date : 2020
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 80
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1281682830


Download Adversarial Robustness of Deep Learning Models Book in PDF and ePub

Efficient operation and control of modern day urban systems such as transportation networks is now more important than ever due to huge societal benefits. Low cost network-wide sensors generate large amounts of data which needs to processed to extract useful information necessary for operational maintenance and to perform real-time control. Modern Machine Learning (ML) systems, particularly Deep Neural Networks (DNNs), provide a scalable solution to the problem of information retrieval from sensor data. Therefore, Deep Learning systems are increasingly playing an important role in day-to-day operations of our urban systems and hence cannot not be treated as standalone systems anymore. This naturally raises questions from a security viewpoint. Are modern ML systems robust to adversarial attacks for deployment in critical real-world applications? If not, then how can we make progress in securing these systems against such attacks? In this thesis we first demonstrate the vulnerability of modern ML systems on a real world scenario relevant to transportation networks by successfully attacking a commercial ML platform using a traffic-camera image. We review different methods of defense and various challenges associated in training an adversarially robust classifier. In terms of contributions, we propose and investigate a new method of defense to build adversarially robust classifiers using Error-Correcting Codes (ECCs). The idea of using Error-Correcting Codes for multi-class classification has been investigated in the past but only under nominal settings. We build upon this idea in the context of adversarial robustness of Deep Neural Networks. Following the guidelines of code-book design from literature, we formulate a discrete optimization problem to generate codebooks in a systematic manner. This optimization problem maximizes minimum hamming distance between codewords of the codebook while maintaining high column separation. Using the optimal solution of the discrete

Advances in Reliably Evaluating and Improving Adversarial Robustness Book

Advances in Reliably Evaluating and Improving Adversarial Robustness

  • Author : Jonas Rauber
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • File Size : 18,6 Mb
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1290408867


Download Advances in Reliably Evaluating and Improving Adversarial Robustness Book in PDF and ePub

Machine learning has made enormous progress in the last five to ten years. We can now make a computer, a machine, learn complex perceptual tasks from data rather than explicitly programming it. When we compare modern speech or image recognition systems to those from a decade ago, the advances are awe-inspiring. The susceptibility of machine learning systems to small, maliciously crafted adversarial perturbations is less impressive. Almost imperceptible pixel shifts or background noises can completely derail their performance. While humans are often amused by the stupidity of artificial intelligence, engineers worry about the security and safety of their machine learning applications, and scientists wonder how to make machine learning models more robust and more human-like. This dissertation summarizes and discusses advances in three areas of adversarial robustness. First, we introduce a new type of adversarial attack against machine learning models in real-world black-box scenarios. Unlike previous attacks, it does not require any insider knowledge or special access. Our results demonstrate the concrete threat caused by the current lack of robustness in machine learning applications. Second, we present several contributions to deal with the diverse challenges around evaluating adversarial robustness. The most fundamental challenge is that common attacks cannot distinguish robust models from models with misleading gradients. We help uncover and solve this problem through two new types of attacks immune to gradient masking. Misaligned incentives are another reason for insufficient evaluations. We published joint guidelines and organized an interactive competition to mitigate this problem. Finally, our open-source adversarial attacks library Foolbox empowers countless researchers to overcome common technical obstacles. Since robustness evaluations are inherently unstandardized, straightforward access to various attacks is more than a technical convenience; it promotes

Adversarial Machine Learning Book

Adversarial Machine Learning

  • Author : Yevgeniy Tu
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • File Size : 5,8 Mb
  • Release Date : 2022-05-31
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN 10 : 9783031015809


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The increasing abundance of large high-quality datasets, combined with significant technical advances over the last several decades have made machine learning into a major tool employed across a broad array of tasks including vision, language, finance, and security. However, success has been accompanied with important new challenges: many applications of machine learning are adversarial in nature. Some are adversarial because they are safety critical, such as autonomous driving. An adversary in these applications can be a malicious party aimed at causing congestion or accidents, or may even model unusual situations that expose vulnerabilities in the prediction engine. Other applications are adversarial because their task and/or the data they use are. For example, an important class of problems in security involves detection, such as malware, spam, and intrusion detection. The use of machine learning for detecting malicious entities creates an incentive among adversaries to evade detection by changing their behavior or the content of malicius objects they develop. The field of adversarial machine learning has emerged to study vulnerabilities of machine learning approaches in adversarial settings and to develop techniques to make learning robust to adversarial manipulation. This book provides a technical overview of this field. After reviewing machine learning concepts and approaches, as well as common use cases of these in adversarial settings, we present a general categorization of attacks on machine learning. We then address two major categories of attacks and associated defenses: decision-time attacks, in which an adversary changes the nature of instances seen by a learned model at the time of prediction in order to cause errors, and poisoning or training time attacks, in which the actual training dataset is maliciously modified. In our final chapter devoted to technical content, we discuss recent techniques for attacks on deep learning, as well as approaches for

Evaluating and Understanding Adversarial Robustness in Deep Learning Book

Evaluating and Understanding Adversarial Robustness in Deep Learning

  • Author : Jinghui Chen
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • File Size : 11,6 Mb
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 175
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1291135695


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Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) have made many breakthroughs in different areas of artificial intelligence. However, recent studies show that DNNs are vulnerable to adversarial examples. A tiny perturbation on an image that is almost invisible to human eyes could mislead a well-trained image classifier towards misclassification. This raises serious security concerns and trustworthy issues towards the robustness of Deep Neural Networks in solving real world challenges. Researchers have been working on this problem for a while and it has further led to a vigorous arms race between heuristic defenses that propose ways to defend against existing attacks and newly-devised attacks that are able to penetrate such defenses. While the arm race continues, it becomes more and more crucial to accurately evaluate model robustness effectively and efficiently under different threat models and identify those ``falsely'' robust models that may give us a false sense of robustness. On the other hand, despite the fast development of various kinds of heuristic defenses, their practical robustness is still far from satisfactory, and there are actually little algorithmic improvements in terms of defenses during recent years. This suggests that there still lacks further understandings toward the fundamentals of adversarial robustness in deep learning, which might prevent us from designing more powerful defenses. \\The overarching goal of this research is to enable accurate evaluations of model robustness under different practical settings as well as to establish a deeper understanding towards other factors in the machine learning training pipeline that might affect model robustness. Specifically, we develop efficient and effective Frank-Wolfe attack algorithms under white-box and black-box settings and a hard-label adversarial attack, RayS, which is capable of detecting ``falsely'' robust models. In terms of understanding adversarial robustness, we propose to theoretically study the relationsh

Adversarial Machine Learning Book

Adversarial Machine Learning

  • Author : Aneesh Sreevallabh Chivukula
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • File Size : 13,6 Mb
  • Release Date : 2023-03-06
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030997724


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A critical challenge in deep learning is the vulnerability of deep learning networks to security attacks from intelligent cyber adversaries. Even innocuous perturbations to the training data can be used to manipulate the behaviour of deep networks in unintended ways. In this book, we review the latest developments in adversarial attack technologies in computer vision; natural language processing; and cybersecurity with regard to multidimensional, textual and image data, sequence data, and temporal data. In turn, we assess the robustness properties of deep learning networks to produce a taxonomy of adversarial examples that characterises the security of learning systems using game theoretical adversarial deep learning algorithms. The state-of-the-art in adversarial perturbation-based privacy protection mechanisms is also reviewed. We propose new adversary types for game theoretical objectives in non-stationary computational learning environments. Proper quantification of the hypothesis set in the decision problems of our research leads to various functional problems, oracular problems, sampling tasks, and optimization problems. We also address the defence mechanisms currently available for deep learning models deployed in real-world environments. The learning theories used in these defence mechanisms concern data representations, feature manipulations, misclassifications costs, sensitivity landscapes, distributional robustness, and complexity classes of the adversarial deep learning algorithms and their applications. In closing, we propose future research directions in adversarial deep learning applications for resilient learning system design and review formalized learning assumptions concerning the attack surfaces and robustness characteristics of artificial intelligence applications so as to deconstruct the contemporary adversarial deep learning designs. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to Adversarial Machine Learning practitioners and Adversarial Art

Artificial Neural Networks and Machine Learning     ICANN 2021 Book

Artificial Neural Networks and Machine Learning ICANN 2021

  • Author : Igor Farkaš
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • File Size : 12,8 Mb
  • Release Date : 2021-09-11
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 617
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030863623


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The proceedings set LNCS 12891, LNCS 12892, LNCS 12893, LNCS 12894 and LNCS 12895 constitute the proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, ICANN 2021, held in Bratislava, Slovakia, in September 2021.* The total of 265 full papers presented in these proceedings was carefully reviewed and selected from 496 submissions, and organized in 5 volumes. In this volume, the papers focus on topics such as adversarial machine learning, anomaly detection, attention and transformers, audio and multimodal applications, bioinformatics and biosignal analysis, capsule networks and cognitive models. *The conference was held online 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Intelligent Systems and Applications Book

Intelligent Systems and Applications

  • Author : Kohei Arai
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • File Size : 16,5 Mb
  • Release Date : 2020-08-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 794
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030551872


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The book Intelligent Systems and Applications - Proceedings of the 2020 Intelligent Systems Conference is a remarkable collection of chapters covering a wider range of topics in areas of intelligent systems and artificial intelligence and their applications to the real world. The Conference attracted a total of 545 submissions from many academic pioneering researchers, scientists, industrial engineers, students from all around the world. These submissions underwent a double-blind peer review process. Of those 545 submissions, 177 submissions have been selected to be included in these proceedings. As intelligent systems continue to replace and sometimes outperform human intelligence in decision-making processes, they have enabled a larger number of problems to be tackled more effectively.This branching out of computational intelligence in several directions and use of intelligent systems in everyday applications have created the need for such an international conference which serves as a venue to report on up-to-the-minute innovations and developments. This book collects both theory and application based chapters on all aspects of artificial intelligence, from classical to intelligent scope. We hope that readers find the volume interesting and valuable; it provides the state of the art intelligent methods and techniques for solving real world problems along with a vision of the future research.

Enhancing Adversarial Robustness of Deep Neural Networks Book

Enhancing Adversarial Robustness of Deep Neural Networks

  • Author : Jeffrey Zhang (M. Eng.)
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • File Size : 16,6 Mb
  • Release Date : 2019
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 58
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1127291827


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Logit-based regularization and pretrain-then-tune are two approaches that have recently been shown to enhance adversarial robustness of machine learning models. In the realm of regularization, Zhang et al. (2019) proposed TRADES, a logit-based regularization optimization function that has been shown to improve upon the robust optimization framework developed by Madry et al. (2018) [14, 9]. They were able to achieve state-of-the-art adversarial accuracy on CIFAR10. In the realm of pretrain- then-tune models, Hendrycks el al. (2019) demonstrated that adversarially pretraining a model on ImageNet then adversarially tuning on CIFAR10 greatly improves the adversarial robustness of machine learning models. In this work, we propose Adversarial Regularization, another logit-based regularization optimization framework that surpasses TRADES in adversarial generalization. Furthermore, we explore the impact of trying different types of adversarial training on the pretrain-then-tune paradigm.

Practicing Trustworthy Machine Learning Book

Practicing Trustworthy Machine Learning

  • Author : Yada Pruksachatkun
  • Publisher : "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
  • File Size : 15,6 Mb
  • Release Date : 2023-01-03
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 9781098120238


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With the increasing use of AI in high-stakes domains such as medicine, law, and defense, organizations spend a lot of time and money to make ML models trustworthy. Many books on the subject offer deep dives into theories and concepts. This guide provides a practical starting point to help development teams produce models that are secure, more robust, less biased, and more explainable. Authors Yada Pruksachatkun, Matthew McAteer, and Subhabrata Majumdar translate best practices in the academic literature for curating datasets and building models into a blueprint for building industry-grade trusted ML systems. With this book, engineers and data scientists will gain a much-needed foundation for releasing trustworthy ML applications into a noisy, messy, and often hostile world. You'll learn: Methods to explain ML models and their outputs to stakeholders How to recognize and fix fairness concerns and privacy leaks in an ML pipeline How to develop ML systems that are robust and secure against malicious attacks Important systemic considerations, like how to manage trust debt and which ML obstacles require human intervention

Deep Learning  Algorithms and Applications Book

Deep Learning Algorithms and Applications

  • Author : Witold Pedrycz
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • File Size : 10,9 Mb
  • Release Date : 2019-10-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030317607


Download Deep Learning Algorithms and Applications Book in PDF and ePub

This book presents a wealth of deep-learning algorithms and demonstrates their design process. It also highlights the need for a prudent alignment with the essential characteristics of the nature of learning encountered in the practical problems being tackled. Intended for readers interested in acquiring practical knowledge of analysis, design, and deployment of deep learning solutions to real-world problems, it covers a wide range of the paradigm’s algorithms and their applications in diverse areas including imaging, seismic tomography, smart grids, surveillance and security, and health care, among others. Featuring systematic and comprehensive discussions on the development processes, their evaluation, and relevance, the book offers insights into fundamental design strategies for algorithms of deep learning.

Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases Book

Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases

  • Author : Peggy Cellier
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • File Size : 20,7 Mb
  • Release Date : 2020-03-27
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 679
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030438234


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This two-volume set constitutes the refereed proceedings of the workshops which complemented the 19th Joint European Conference on Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases, ECML PKDD, held in Würzburg, Germany, in September 2019. The 70 full papers and 46 short papers presented in the two-volume set were carefully reviewed and selected from 200 submissions. The two volumes (CCIS 1167 and CCIS 1168) present the papers that have been accepted for the following workshops: Workshop on Automating Data Science, ADS 2019; Workshop on Advances in Interpretable Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence and eXplainable Knowledge Discovery in Data Mining, AIMLAI-XKDD 2019; Workshop on Decentralized Machine Learning at the Edge, DMLE 2019; Workshop on Advances in Managing and Mining Large Evolving Graphs, LEG 2019; Workshop on Data and Machine Learning Advances with Multiple Views; Workshop on New Trends in Representation Learning with Knowledge Graphs; Workshop on Data Science for Social Good, SoGood 2019; Workshop on Knowledge Discovery and User Modelling for Smart Cities, UMCIT 2019; Workshop on Data Integration and Applications Workshop, DINA 2019; Workshop on Machine Learning for Cybersecurity, MLCS 2019; Workshop on Sports Analytics: Machine Learning and Data Mining for Sports Analytics, MLSA 2019; Workshop on Categorising Different Types of Online Harassment Languages in Social Media; Workshop on IoT Stream for Data Driven Predictive Maintenance, IoTStream 2019; Workshop on Machine Learning and Music, MML 2019; Workshop on Large-Scale Biomedical Semantic Indexing and Question Answering, BioASQ 2019.

Science of Cyber Security Book

Science of Cyber Security

  • Author : Feng Liu
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • File Size : 8,9 Mb
  • Release Date : 2019-12-06
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030346379


Download Science of Cyber Security Book in PDF and ePub

This book constitutes the proceedings of the Second International Conference on Science of Cyber Security, SciSec 2019, held in Nanjing, China, in August 2019. The 20 full papers and 8 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 62 submissions. These papers cover the following subjects: Artificial Intelligence for Cybersecurity, Machine Learning for Cybersecurity, and Mechanisms for Solving Actual Cybersecurity Problems (e.g., Blockchain, Attack and Defense; Encryptions with Cybersecurity Applications).

Engineering Dependable and Secure Machine Learning Systems Book

Engineering Dependable and Secure Machine Learning Systems

  • Author : Onn Shehory
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • File Size : 14,5 Mb
  • Release Date : 2020-11-07
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 141
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030621445


Download Engineering Dependable and Secure Machine Learning Systems Book in PDF and ePub

This book constitutes the revised selected papers of the Third International Workshop on Engineering Dependable and Secure Machine Learning Systems, EDSMLS 2020, held in New York City, NY, USA, in February 2020. The 7 full papers and 3 short papers were thoroughly reviewed and selected from 16 submissions. The volume presents original research on dependability and quality assurance of ML software systems, adversarial attacks on ML software systems, adversarial ML and software engineering, etc.