A Thermo Economic Approach to Energy from Waste Book

A Thermo Economic Approach to Energy from Waste


  • Author : Anand Ramanathan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-11-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128243572
  • Total Read : 79
  • File Size : 8,5 Mb

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A Thermo Economic Approach to Energy from Waste Summary:

A Thermo-Economic Approach to Energy From Waste provides readers with the tools to analyze the effectiveness of biomass waste conversion into value-added products and how thermochemical conversion methods can be commercialized with minimum environmental impact. The book provides a comprehensive overview of biomass conversion technologies through pyrolysis, including the types of reactors available, reactor mechanisms, and the upgradation of bio-oil. Case studies are provided on waste disposal in selected favelas (slums) of Rio de Janeiro, including data on subnormal clusters and analyses of solid waste in the 37 slums of Catumbi. Step-by-step guidance is provided on how to use a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach to analyze the potential impact of various waste-to-energy conversion technologies, and a brief overview of the common applications of LCA in other geographical locations is presented, including United States, Europe, China, and Brazil. Finally, waste-to-value-added functional catalysts for the transesterification process in biodiesel production are discussed alongside various other novel technologies for biodiesel production, process simulation, and techno-economic analysis of biodiesel production. Bringing together research and real-world case studies from an LCA perspective, the book provides an ideal reference for researchers and practitioners interested in waste-to-energy conversion, LCA, and the sustainable production of bioenergy. Presents an overview of the technologies for the production of biofuels from waste via pyrolysis and gasification Provides a guide to the utilization of LCA to assess the economic and environmental impact of value-added products Describes real-world case studies on the implementation of LCA in waste-to-energy scenarios

A Thermo Economic Approach to Energy from Waste Book

A Thermo Economic Approach to Energy from Waste


  • Author : Anand Ramanathan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-10-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323859110
  • Total Read : 73
  • File Size : 12,6 Mb

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A Thermo Economic Approach to Energy from Waste Summary:

A Thermo-Economic Approach to Energy From Waste provides readers with the tools to analyze the effectiveness of biomass waste conversion into value-added products and how thermochemical conversion methods can be commercialized with minimum environmental impact. The book provides a comprehensive overview of biomass conversion technologies through pyrolysis, including the types of reactors available, reactor mechanisms, and the upgradation of bio-oil. Case studies are provided on waste disposal in selected favelas (slums) of Rio de Janeiro, including data on subnormal clusters and analyses of solid waste in the 37 slums of Catumbi. Step-by-step guidance is provided on how to use a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach to analyze the potential impact of various waste-to-energy conversion technologies, and a brief overview of the common applications of LCA in other geographical locations is presented, including United States, Europe, China, and Brazil. Finally, waste-to-value-added functional catalysts for the transesterification process in biodiesel production are discussed alongside various other novel technologies for biodiesel production, process simulation, and techno-economic analysis of biodiesel production. Bringing together research and real-world case studies from an LCA perspective, the book provides an ideal reference for researchers and practitioners interested in waste-to-energy conversion, LCA, and the sustainable production of bioenergy. Presents an overview of the technologies for the production of biofuels from waste via pyrolysis and gasification Provides a guide to the utilization of LCA to assess the economic and environmental impact of value-added products Describes real-world case studies on the implementation of LCA in waste-to-energy scenarios

Energy Management Book

Energy Management


  • Author : Francisco Macia-Perez
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2010-03-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN 10 : 9789533070650
  • Total Read : 66
  • File Size : 16,8 Mb

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Energy Management Summary:

Forecasts point to a huge increase in energy demand over the next 25 years, with a direct and immediate impact on the exhaustion of fossil fuels, the increase in pollution levels and the global warming that will have significant consequences for all sectors of society. Irrespective of the likelihood of these predictions or what researchers in different scientific disciplines may believe or publicly say about how critical the energy situation may be on a world level, it is without doubt one of the great debates that has stirred up public interest in modern times. We should probably already be thinking about the design of a worldwide strategic plan for energy management across the planet. It would include measures to raise awareness, educate the different actors involved, develop policies, provide resources, prioritise actions and establish contingency plans. This process is complex and depends on political, social, economic and technological factors that are hard to take into account simultaneously. Then, before such a plan is formulated, studies such as those described in this book can serve to illustrate what Information and Communication Technologies have to offer in this sphere and, with luck, to create a reference to encourage investigators in the pursuit of new and better solutions.

Waste Biorefinery Book

Waste Biorefinery


  • Author : Thallada Bhaskar
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-02-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128218945
  • Total Read : 82
  • File Size : 11,5 Mb

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Waste Biorefinery Summary:

Waste Biorefinery: Value Addition through Resources Utilization provides scientific and technical information surrounding the most advanced and innovative processing technologies used for the conversion of biogenic waste to biofuels, energy products and biochemicals. The book covers recent developments and achievements in the field of biochemical, thermo-chemical and hybrid methods and the necessities and potentials generated by different kinds of residual streams, including biomass in presumably more decentralized biorefineries. An assortment of case-studies from developing and developed countries illustrate the topics presented, covering energy, chemicals, fuels, food for animal recovery from different waste matrices, and more. Finally, the advantages and limitations of different technologies are discussed, considering local energy demand, government policies, environmental impacts and education in bioenergy. This book will serve as an excellent resource for science graduates, chemical engineers, environmental engineers, biotechnologists and industrial experts in these areas. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative processes for biomass conversion Covers information on biochemical and thermochemical processes and product developments surrounding the principles of biorefining Presents information on the integration of processes and technologies for the production of biofuels, energy products and biochemicals

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells Book

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells


  • Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-02-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 818
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080982274
  • Total Read : 99
  • File Size : 9,9 Mb

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Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells Summary:

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells, Second Edition covers the optimization and integration of energy systems, with a particular focus on fuel cell technology. With rising energy prices, imminent energy shortages, and increasing environmental impacts of energy production, energy optimization and systems integration is critically important. The book applies thermodynamics, kinetics and economics to study the effect of equipment size, environmental parameters, and economic factors on optimal power production and heat integration. Author Stanislaw Sieniutycz, highly recognized for his expertise and teaching, shows how costs can be substantially reduced, particularly in utilities common in the chemical industry. This second edition contains substantial revisions, with particular focus on the rapid progress in the field of fuel cells, related energy theory, and recent advances in the optimization and control of fuel cell systems. New information on fuel cell theory, combined with the theory of flow energy systems, broadens the scope and usefulness of the book Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion, and chemical transformation in static and dynamic systems Contains practical applications of optimization methods that help solve the problems of power maximization and optimal use of energy and resources in chemical, mechanical, and environmental engineering

Complexity and Complex Thermo Economic Systems Book

Complexity and Complex Thermo Economic Systems


  • Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-11-24
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 415
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128185957
  • Total Read : 71
  • File Size : 9,5 Mb

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Complexity and Complex Thermo Economic Systems Summary:

Complexity and Complex Thermoeconomic Systems describes the properties of complexity and complex thermo-economic systems as the consequence of formulations, definitions, tools, solutions and results consistent with the best performance of a system. Applying to complex systems contemporary advanced techniques, such as static optimization, optimal control, and neural networks, this book treats the systems theory as a science of general laws for functional integrities. It also provides a platform for the discussion of various definitions of complexity, complex hierarchical structures, self-organization examples, special references, and historical issues. This book is a valuable reference for scientists, engineers and graduated students in chemical, mechanical, and environmental engineering, as well as those in physics, ecology and biology, helping them better understand the complex thermodynamic systems and enhance their technical skills in research. Provides a lucid presentation of the dynamical properties of thermoeconomic systems Includes original graphical material that illustrates the properties of complex systems Written by a first-class expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics

Energy Optimization in Process Systems Book

Energy Optimization in Process Systems


  • Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2009-05-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN 10 : 008091442X
  • Total Read : 95
  • File Size : 17,7 Mb

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Energy Optimization in Process Systems Summary:

Despite the vast research on energy optimization and process integration, there has to date been no synthesis linking these together. This book fills the gap, presenting optimization and integration in energy and process engineering. The content is based on the current literature and includes novel approaches developed by the authors. Various thermal and chemical systems (heat and mass exchangers, thermal and water networks, energy converters, recovery units, solar collectors, and separators) are considered. Thermodynamics, kinetics and economics are used to formulate and solve problems with constraints on process rates, equipment size, environmental parameters, and costs. Comprehensive coverage of dynamic optimization of energy conversion systems and separation units is provided along with suitable computational algorithms for deterministic and stochastic optimization approaches based on: nonlinear programming, dynamic programming, variational calculus, Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman theory, Pontryagin's maximum principles, and special methods of process integration. Integration of heat energy and process water within a total site is shown to be a significant factor reducing production costs, in particular costs of utilities for the chemical industry. This integration involves systematic design and optimization of heat exchangers and water networks (HEN and WN). After presenting basic, insight-based Pinch Technology, systematic, optimization-based sequential and simultaneous approaches to design HEN and WN are described. Special consideration is given to the HEN design problem targeting stage, in view of its importance at various levels of system design. Selected, advanced methods for HEN synthesis and retrofit are presented. For WN design a novel approach based on stochastic optimization is described that accounts for both grassroot and revamp design scenarios. Presents a unique synthesis of energy optimization and process integration that applies scientific information